You're viewing our new website - find out more


Business Enterprise Research and Development 2014

Published: 17 Dec 2015 09:30

A National Statistics Publication for Scotland.

Scotland's Chief Statistician today released Business Enterprise Research and Development (BERD) Scotland 2014.

The main findings are:

BERD expenditure in Scotland in 2014 was £905 million, 4.5 per cent of the UK total of £19.9 billion.

Scottish expenditure decreased by 0.5 per cent in real terms compared to 2014 figures. UK expenditure increased by 4.5 per cent in real terms over this period.

Scottish expenditure increased by 44 per cent in real terms compared to 2007 figures. UK expenditure increased by 10 per cent over this period.

BERD expenditure was 0.64 per cent of Scottish GDP in 2014, the comparable figure was 1.09 per cent for the UK.

BERD expenditure in Scotland is dominated by the manufacturing sector (£488 million), followed by the Services sector (£245 million) and then Other sectors (£172 million), such as Extractive industries.

Expenditure on R&D in Manufacturing increased by 2.7 per cent (£13 million) in real terms between 2013 and 2014, expenditure on R&D in Services decreased by 6.1 per cent (-£16 million) and expenditure on R&D in other sectors decreased by 0.8 per cent (-£1 million).

Enterprises in Scotland employed 9,924 R&D staff in 2014, up from 9,915 in 2013, an increase of 0.1 per cent. This is the highest level of R&D employment since the series began in 2001, when R&D employment stood at 7,210.

In 2014, nearly two thirds (64.3 per cent) of BERD expenditure was undertaken by businesses located in just four local authority areas: Edinburgh City (22.9 per cent), Aberdeen City (19.8 per cent), West Lothian (13.4 per cent) and Glasgow City (8.3 per cent).

Notes to editors

The full statistical publication is available at

This publication presents the most recent data for BERD 2014 – and revised data for 2012 and 2013. Statistics are provided by product group, business size, local authority area, source of funding and country of ownership.

Further information on Business and Enterprise statistics within Scotland can be accessed at:

Official statistics are produced in accordance with professional standards – more information on the standards of official statistics in Scotland can be accessed at: