An Official Statistics Publication for Scotland.
The release of annual Labour Productivity Statistics for the period 1998-2014 was announced today by Scotland's Chief Statistician. Key figures in the latest release are:
- In 2014, Scottish labour productivity as measured by output per hour worked was 97.6% of the average UK value (excluding extra regio output) - a gap of 2.4 percentage points. The gap between labour productivity levels in Scotland and the UK average narrowed sharply during the recent recession from around 6 or 7 percentage points prior to 2008 to 2 or 3 percentage points since 2009.
- Output per hour worked in Scotland increased by 1.3% in real terms (inflation adjusted) during 2014, following a decrease of 0.4% in 2013. Output per hour worked is now 4.4% higher in real terms than in 2007, prior to the recession.
- Labour productivity as measured by output per job was 95.9% of the average UK value (excluding extra regio output), and increased by 0.9% in real terms during 2014. Output per job is now 2.9% higher in real terms than in 2007.
- The differences in growth rates between output per hour worked and output per job indicate changes in average working patterns. For example, in 2014 the number of jobs in Scotland increased by 1.7% while total hours worked increased by only 1.3%, indicating a slight decrease in the average number of hours worked per job.
The Labour Productivity statistics are available at: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Economy/PROD2014
Labour productivity measures the average amount of economic output that is produced by a unit of labour input (measured in this release in terms of jobs and hours worked).
Labour input measures in this release are consistent with the NUTS1 results for countries and regions in Labour Productivity 2015 Q3 published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) on 23 December 2015. Current price output statistics are consistent with Quarterly National Accounts Scotland 2015 Q2 (published on 4 November 2015), and real terms output statistics are consistent with Gross Domestic Product for Scotland 2015 Q3 (published on 13 January 2016).
Further information on Scottish economic statistics is available at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Economy
The figures released today were produced in accordance with professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics. More information on the standards of official statistics in Scotland can be accessed at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/About