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- Environment and climate change
Latest statistics show 38.4% emissions cut since 1990.
Scotland is more than three quarters of the way towards achieving its world-leading target of a 42 per cent reduction in greenhouse gases by 2020, with emissions falling 14 per cent between 2012 and 2013.
The latest climate change statistics show Scotland's emissions have fallen to 49.7 million tonnes carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e) in 2013.
This is a reduction of 38.4 per cent from the 1990 baseline against which our targets are measured – far greater than the 31.7 per cent reduction that was anticipated when Scotland's ambitious climate change legislation was passed in 2009.
Since the fixed annual targets were set, the baseline has been revised upwards by 10.6 MtCO2e due to technical changes in the way carbon emissions are measured, meaning Scotland missed its 2013 target by just 1.7 MtCO2e.
The figures published today also show that Scotland continues to outperform the rest of the UK as a whole, with a 34.3 per cent drop in Scottish source emissions between 1990 and 2013 compared to the UK's 27.4 per cent reduction over the same period. Scotland is also one of the leading countries in Western Europe for reducing emissions.
Later today, the Scottish Government will announce a further package of climate change action encompassing energy, the environment and transport.
Climate Change Minister Aileen McLeod said:
"Scotland is well on track to meet our ambitious emissions targets, with these latest figures for 2013 showing we are more than three quarters of the way there with seven years still to go.
"Our emissions have fallen by 38.4 per cent from the 1990 baseline, outperforming the original 31.7 per cent reduction that was required to meet the 2013 annual fixed target.
"Today's figures show that if it had not been for successive increases to the baseline since the targets were established, Scotland would have met, and exceeded, our target for this year - and the three previous years too.
"Of course, if our targets were easy to achieve they would not be ambitious enough. And these are the level the international community needs to meet if the international climate treaty to be agreed in Paris later this year is to stand a good chance of limiting global warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius.
"As negotiations continue this week to agree the text of that treaty, the Scottish Government stands firm in our commitment to tackling climate change.
"I look forward to updating Parliament this afternoon on the comprehensive action being taken by the Scottish Government to meet our world-leading climate change targets.
"Today's figures also demonstrate how significantly Scotland's progress depends on the policies and actions of others – especially the UK and EU. In the run up to Paris, I will continue to press the international community to look to Scotland and follow our example in striving for the highest global ambition to tackle climate change."
Official Statistics: Scottish Greenhouse Gas Emissions, 2013 can be accessed via: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/06/1939
For reporting progress against Scotland’s Climate Change Targets, Scottish greenhouse gas emissions are adjusted for trading in the EU Emissions Trading System. On this basis, Scotland’s greenhouse gas emissions were 49.7 MtCO2e. This is 38.4 per cent lower than in the Baseline Period. The Baseline Period is 1990 for carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide and 1995 for the F gases (hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, sulphur hexafluoride and nitrogen trifluoride)
On a source basis, Scotland’s greenhouse gas emissions were 53.0 MtCO2e in 2013. This is 34.3 per cent lower than in 1990. This figure can be used for estimating changes in emissions by sector and for UK comparisons.