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Universal Credit contributing to child poverty

Published: 17 Jan 2018 09:31

‘Broken’ benefits system failing Scotland’s families.

First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has called on the new Secretary of State for Work and Pensions to make urgent changes to Universal Credit (UC) – as she backed warnings from Scotland’s Children’s Commissioner Bruce Adamson over the ‘disproportionate effect’ of UK Government welfare policies on young people.

The First Minister and Mr Adamson this morning visited Start Up Stirling, who provide a foodbank and support service for people in poverty. They heard first-hand from people who use the service how the mishandled UC roll-out and continued welfare cuts are affecting them – including the need for emergency food aid and dealing with rent arrears and debt.

Nationally, almost one in four new UC claimants – 24% – have had to wait more than six weeks to receive their first payment. The Scottish Government is clear that the changes in the UK budget to reduce the waiting time to five weeks do not go nearly far enough, and is pressing for a maximum four week limit to be set.

The First Minister said:

“The rising use of food banks, with charities like Start Up Stirling forced to step in and provide support, is symptomatic of a broken welfare state. It is abundantly clear that the Universal Credit system is failing those it is designed to support.

“We have used the limited powers we have to help people choose whether they want to receive their payment twice monthly and their rent be paid direct to landlords.

“However, the most damaging aspects of UC remain out of our control – including the appalling ‘rape clause’ and two-child limit, which is estimated to push a further one million children in the UK into poverty.

“The new Secretary of State must admit that UC is forcing families into crisis and take the step her four predecessors wouldn’t – by halting the roll-out of this fundamentally flawed system.”

Children and Young People's Commissioner Bruce Adamson said:

"Poverty is the biggest human rights issue facing children in Scotland. All children should have a warm and secure home and regular nutritious meals that enable them to thrive, learn, and play an active part in their communities. 

“Experiencing poverty is a violation of children's rights and their human dignity. Children have the right to benefit from social security and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child makes clear that in order to fulfil children’s rights, support must be given to parents.

“Along with the Children’s Commissioners from the other parts of the UK, I remain deeply concerned about how children are disproportionately affected by decisions made on welfare, such as calculating Universal Credit entitlement and how it is then paid.

“The UK must ensure that children's best interests are a primary consideration when taking decisions that significantly impact on families."


Cosla has found evidence that arrears for those receiving UC are more than 2.5 times the average arrears for those on Housing Benefit.

Using limited devolved powers that are available, the Scottish Government has introduced UC choices, under which people can be paid UC monthly or twice monthly and have housing costs paid direct to their landlord. These options are already available for new claims in full service areas and will be extended to existing claimants from 31 January.

More on the work of local charity Start Up Stirling.

Emergency food aid provider Trussell Trust reported in 2017 that Scottish food bank use was at a record high, increasing 2,447% in Scotland since 2011.