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Publication - Statistics Publication

Planning performance statistics: annual and quarterly reports, 2012-2016

Published: 20 Jul 2016
Part of:
Building, planning and design, Statistics
ISBN:
9781786523594

Statistics on planning decision-making and timescales between the periods 2012 to 2013 and 2015 to 2016.

51 page PDF

1.5MB

51 page PDF

1.5MB

Contents
Planning performance statistics: annual and quarterly reports, 2012-2016
14. Annex

51 page PDF

1.5MB

14. Annex

14.1 Stopping the Clock

In some cases it is appropriate to remove a length of time from the total decision time. We have called this process of removing a specific length of time "stopping the clock". This should not be used for every application; it is about recording the data in a way that produces more accurate and relevant performance statistics that would otherwise have been skewed by extreme cases of delay outwith the planning authority's control. For the year 2015/16 there were a total of 1,402 applications where the clock was stopped for an average of 30.8 weeks. This compares with 955 applications stopped for an average of 36.1 weeks in the previous year. This improvement in reporting will have an influence on average decision times. The table below shows the number of applications where the clock has been stopped by planning authority.

Table 9: Clock stops by planning authority, 2015/16 1

Planning Authority Total applications decided in 2015/16 Number of applications with clock stopped Percentage of applications with clock stopped Average length of time clock stopped (weeks)
Aberdeen City 1,466 177 12.1% 24.2
Aberdeenshire 3,126 115 3.7% 5.2
Angus 885 32 3.6% 16.7
Argyll & Bute 1,247 44 3.5% 24.6
Cairngorms NP 7 3 42.9% 18.9
Clackmannanshire 243 6 2.5% 11.3
Dumfries & Galloway 1,307 15 1.1% 58.2
Dundee City 683 50 7.3% 12.0
East Ayrshire 572 35 6.1% 18.1
East Dunbartonshire 715 50 7.0% 9.1
East Lothian 1,001 25 2.5% 36.6
East Renfrewshire 675 13 1.9% 20.3
Edinburgh, City of 3,688 33 0.9% 52.6
Falkirk 583 46 7.9% 55.2
Fife 2,424 9 0.4% 23.3
Glasgow City 2,495 130 5.2% 23.0
Highland 2,778 40 1.4% 87.8
Inverclyde 360 12 3.3% 10.5
Loch Lomond & The Trossachs NP 318 3 0.9% 46.0
Midlothian 589 5 0.8% 138.8
Moray 808 9 1.1% 8.0
Na h-Eileanan Siar 386 6 1.6% 18.9
North Ayrshire 559 20 3.6% 27.4
North Lanarkshire 1,040 39 3.8% 34.8
Orkney Islands 505 48 9.5% 19.7
Perth & Kinross 1,714 89 5.2% 58.9
Renfrewshire 729 9 1.2% 8.3
Scottish Borders 1,105 57 5.2% 124.5
Shetland Islands 368 41 11.1% 6.7
South Ayrshire 983 7 0.7% 23.1
South Lanarkshire 1,619 57 3.5% 29.7
Stirling 736 12 1.6% 54.6
West Dunbartonshire 270 42 15.6% 22.0
West Lothian 782 123 15.7% 13.9
SCOTLAND 36,766 1,402 3.8% 30.8

1. Processing Agreements are not included in this analysis.

The following table gives an analysis of applications where the clock has been stopped by development type.

Table 10: Clock stops by development type

Development Type Total applications decided in 2015/16 Number of applications with clock stopped Percentage of applications with clock stopped Average length of time clock stopped (weeks)
Local developments        
Householder 13,644 218 1.6% 9.4
Other developments 6,132 246 4.0% 25.3
Housing 5,616 479 8.5% 41.6
Business and Industry 1,944 81 4.2% 23.1
Electricity Generation 561 59 10.5% 32.5
Telecommunications 441 11 2.5% 11.7
AMSCs 319 27 8.5% 11.1
Minerals 40 9 22.5% 106.7
Marine Shellfish Farming 41 2 4.9% 7.6
Marine Finfish Farming 34 10 29.4% 14.3
Waste Management 22 0 0.0% -
Freshwater Fish Farming 9 1 11.1% 202.0
Local developments - TOTAL 28,803 1143 4.0% 29.5
Major developments        
Other Developments 110 23 20.9% 48.8
Housing 105 39 37.1% 128.8
Business and Industry 23 6 26.1% 25.0
Minerals 18 6 33.3% 83.0
Electricity Generation 17 5 29.4% 44.7
Waste Management 9 1 11.1% 60.1
Marine Shellfish Farming 1 0 0.0% -
Freshwater Fish Farming 0 0 - -
Marine Finfish Farming 0 0 - -
Major developments - TOTAL 283 80 28.3% 88.5
Other Consents        
Listed bldg.+con.area consents 3,683 107 2.9% 13.8
Advertisements 2,190 46 2.1% 11.3
Other consents and certificates 1,742 9 0.5% 9.9
Hazardous substances consents 15 8 53.3% 12.8
Other Consents - TOTAL 7,630 170 2.2% 12.9
Local with EIA        
Local Developments Subject To EIA 50 9 18.0% 20.2
AMSCs (Subject to EIA) 0 - - -
Local with EIA - TOTAL 50 9 18.0% 20.2

For 2015/16, local housing developments have the most applications where the clock has been stopped, with 41.6 weeks on average removed from decision times. This represents 8.5% of all applications for local housing developments. There are a variety of reasons why the clock is stopped but are often due to delays in concluding legal agreements and waiting for the applicant to sign a planning obligation. Other reasons include site survey required in relation to European protected species that must await a particular season, external consultants delay or awaiting advert fees to be paid.

Stop the clock advice has been issued to planning authorities to help with decisions for stopping the clock and is available at;

http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Planning/DataSupplierArea

14.2 Distribution of decision times for major applications.

Chart 58 shows the distribution of the decision times for major housing applications (post 3rd August 2009) that were concluded in 2015/16.

Chart 58: Distribution of decision times for major housing applications (post 3rd August 2009), 2015/16 (excludes 10 legacy cases)

Chart 58: Distribution of decision times for major housing applications (post 3rd August 2009), 2015/16 (excludes 10 legacy cases)

The vertical line at 40.0 weeks shows the mean (average) decision time for major housing developments. The second line at 28.0 weeks shows the median decision time. Decision times range from 1.9 weeks to 249.1 weeks. The chart shows that the mean decision time has been skewed by several lengthy decisions. Almost two thirds of major housing applications were decided in a time quicker than the average of 40.0 weeks. Almost half of major housing applications were decided within 6 months.

The three lengthiest decisions that all took more than 150 weeks are one each in Aberdeenshire, East Ayrshire and West Lothian. The Aberdeenshire application was for a residential development, primary education provision and associated infrastructure including roads and drainage, the East Ayrshire application was for 299 residential units, with associated access, drainage and landscaping proposals and the West Lothian application is described as a 10 hectare residential development with associated roads and landscaping. The Aberdeenshire and West Lothian applications were approved, but the East Ayrshire application was refused.

Chart 59 shows the distribution of the decision times for other major applications (post 3rd August 2009) that were concluded in 2015/16. This is the category for developments that do not fall into one of the other specific categories of application and includes, for example, applications for retail developments, food and drink outlets, hotels, hospitals, schools and leisure & tourism developments.

Chart 59: Distribution of decision times for other major applications (post 3rd August 2009), 2015/16 (excludes 3 legacy cases)

Chart 59: Distribution of decision times for other major applications (post 3rd August 2009), 2015/16 (excludes 3 legacy cases)

The vertical line at 24.6 weeks shows the mean (average) decision time for other major developments. The second line at 17.3 weeks shows the median decision time. Decision times range from 5.0 weeks to 207.9 weeks. The chart shows that the average decision time has been skewed by several lengthy decisions. Almost two thirds of other major applications were decided in a time quicker than the average of 24.6 weeks and 70% were decided within 6 months.

The lengthiest decision that took 207.9 weeks is in Falkirk Local Authority and is described as a residential and mixed use phased development, including up to 1,500 residential units, community and enterprise facilities, transport and environmental infrastructure and employment space. The application was refused.

Chart 60 shows the distribution of the decision times for major business and industry applications (post 3rd August 2009) that were concluded in 2015/16.

Chart 60: Distribution of decision times for major business and industry applications (post 3rd August 2009), 2015/16 (there were no legacy cases)

Chart 60: Distribution of decision times for major business and industry applications (post 3rd August 2009), 2015/16 (there were no legacy cases)

The vertical line at 19.9 weeks shows the mean (average) decision time for major business and industry developments. The second line at 16.3 weeks shows the median decision time. Decision times range from 7.1 weeks to 109.0 weeks. The average decision time has been skewed by one lengthy decision that increases the average by four weeks. More than 78% of major business and industry applications were decided in a time quicker than the average of 19.9 weeks and more than 91% were decided within 6 months.

The lengthiest decision that took 109.0 weeks is in Aberdeenshire and is described as the erection of business, industrial, storage and distribution, hotel and associated infrastructure. The application was approved.

Chart 61 shows the distribution of the decision times for the remaining major applications (post 3rd August 2009) that were concluded in 2015/16. These include applications for minerals, waste management, electricity generation and marine shellfish farming.

Chart 61: Distribution of decision times for remaining major applications (post 3rd August 2009), 2015/16 (excludes 3 legacy cases)

Chart 61: Distribution of decision times for remaining major applications (post 3rd August 2009), 2015/16 (excludes 3 legacy cases)

The vertical line at 30.1 weeks shows the mean (average) decision time for the remaining major developments. The second line at 20.8 weeks shows the median decision time. Decision times range from 4.0 weeks to 178.9 weeks. The chart shows that the average decision time has been skewed by several lengthy decisions. Almost 79% of the remaining major applications were decided in a time quicker than the average of 30.0 weeks and 64% were decided within 6 months.

The lengthiest decision that took 178.9 weeks is in South Lanarkshire and is described as an extension to sand and gravel quarry, including retention of site processing area, with restoration to rough grazing. The application was approved.

14.3 Planning Performance Guidance

Detailed guidance is available to planning authorities to help with submission of quarterly data. This can be found here:

http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Planning/DataSupplierArea

14.4 Calculation of cut-off date for 2 month target

Months are measured from a specific day in one month until the day with the preceding date in the following or subsequent months. Further guidelines on how this is calculated can be found here:

http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Planning/DataSupplierArea

14.5 Revisions

The revisions policy for planning performance statistics has been developed in accordance with the UK Statistics Authority Code of practice for Official Statistics and further details are available at: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Planning/Revisions

During the analysis of annual figures for 2015/16 there have been a very small number of changes to previously published quarterly data, which have been incorporated into annual summaries.

The quarterly revisions have been footnoted in the latest publication:

Planning Authority Performance Statistics 2015/16 Quarter 4

14.6 Uses of the Statistics

The key objective of the statistics is to allow Scottish Government and the planning authorities to monitor the performance of planning authorities in the timeliness of deciding planning applications. The statistics monitor the impact of the development management system, part of the modernising planning agenda, which was implemented on 3rd August 2009. These statistics also feed into the evidence used in the territorial liaison meetings between Scottish Government Department for Built Environment officials and planning authorities. Further details are available at: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Planning/DataUses

14.7 Statistics for other UK countries

Information and statistics on planning applications for the other UK countries can be accessed at the following links:

England: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/planning-applications-statistics

Wales: http://wales.gov.uk/topics/planning/planningstats/?lang=en

Northern Ireland: http://www.planningni.gov.uk/index/tools/about-statistics.htm


Contact

Email: planstats@scotland.gsi.gov.uk