1. Fire and Rescue Statistics, http://www.firescotland.gov.uk/about-us/fire-and-rescue-statistics.aspx. Of the1,045 non-fatal casualties, 239 related to people being referred for pre-cautionary check-ups (see Table 2 at http://www.firescotland.gov.uk/media/1009447/2015_16_fire_and_rescue_statistics_corrected_tables.xlsx)
2. See footnote 6 for more detail.
3. In 2015-16, the fatality rate (excluding Scottish Fire and Rescue Personnel) from dwelling fires was 18.5 per 1 million for people aged 60 and above, compared with 8.4 per 1 million for the Scottish population as a whole; see Table 17 at http://www.firescotland.gov.uk/media/1009447/2015_16_fire_and_rescue_statistics_corrected_tables.xlsx.
4. MINDSPACE – Behavioural Economics – Institute for Government (2010). Available here.
6. Scottish Government analysis of data from Table 19 in http://www.firescotland.gov.uk/media/1009447/2015_16_fire_and_rescue_statistics_corrected_tables.xlsx. Fires were there were operational alarms include fires where the smoke alarm operated and the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service were contacted and fires where the alarm operated and the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service were not contacted, while fires where there was no operational alarm include fires where no alarm was present and fires where an alarm was present but failed to operate. Fires where it is unknown if a smoke alarm was present are excluded from the analysis.
7. BRE Global ltd, "Cost-Benefit Analysis for Additional Residential Heat and Smoke Alarms in Scotland". March 2010.
10. Scottish Government estimates based on analysis of 2015 Scottish House Condition Survey data.
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