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Publication - Research publication

Cyber crime in Scotland: evidence review

Published: 23 Mar 2018
Directorate:
Justice Directorate
Part of:
Business, industry and innovation
ISBN:
9781788517096

A review of the evidence around the scale and nature of cyber crime affecting individuals and businesses in Scotland.

74 page PDF

888.0 kB

74 page PDF

888.0 kB

Contents
Cyber crime in Scotland: evidence review
Cyber influence on crime: Summary of overall findings

74 page PDF

888.0 kB

Cyber influence on crime: Summary of overall findings

Cyber-technology can impact on any type of crime. We conceptualise cyber-crime in terms of the method or locus of a crime, rather than it being a distinct type or group of crime.

From the available evidence, we know that:
Cyber-technology has had an impact on

  • The scale and nature of some types of sexual crimes in Scotland
  • The proportion of fraud conducted online. However still a lot of fraud is offline. As a whole, fraud is under-reported and mostly low impact
  • Computer misuse – now a commonly experienced crime. But it is under-reported and mostly low impact.

There has been less influence of cyber-technology on the following:

  • Cyber appears to have no real influence on the scale and nature of violent crime
  • Drugs are still mainly sourced via traditional means rather than online.
  • The internet features in cases of stalking and harassment but this is still more prevalent in-person than online.

Information of businesses’ experiences of cyber-crime is limited and fragmented, however most sources indicate that cyber-crime is an issue for them.

For example, the UK Cyber Breaches Survey, whilst not covering all sectors, estimates that between 2016 and 2017, 46% of responding business sectors experienced at least one cyber breach or attack.

(Cyber Breaches Survey, 2017.)

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