Scottish wheat is mostly soft wheats; used predominantly for distilling, but is also used for animal feed. Scotland imports hard wheats for milling (for bread making) as our climate does not suit hard wheat varieties.
While the area of wheat production has remained constant in the last few years, production this year is estimated to have fallen nine per cent to 926,000 tonnes. Wheat yields were estimated to have fallen by nine per cent, in line with falls in barley yields.
Long-term increase in wheat yields has not been as great as in barley, with the latest ten-year period only being two per cent higher than the previous ten years. At 8.45 tonnes per hectare, this year's estimated yield is still above the ten-year average of 8.32.
Chart 11 - Wheat: Area, Yield and Production
Chart 12 - Wheat Year-on-Year Change: Area, Yield and Production