beta

You're viewing our new website - find out more

Publication - Statistics Publication

Free personal and nursing care in Scotland 2015-2016

Published: 29 Aug 2017
Part of:
Health and social care, Statistics
ISBN:
9781788511803

Statistics release presenting the latest client and expenditure figures (financial year 2015 to 2016) for free personal and nursing care (FPNC).

24 page PDF

691.3kB

24 page PDF

691.3kB

Contents
Free personal and nursing care in Scotland 2015-2016
3. Expenditure

24 page PDF

691.3kB

3. Expenditure

This section presents the total expenditure on Free Personal and Nursing Care from 2006-07 to 2015-16, for clients in a Care Home or receiving a Home Care service. The expenditure figures have been adjusted to account for overheads and differences in recording practice between local authorities. Consequently, the figures presented contain some degree of estimation, but are broadly comparable year-on-year at Scotland-level. Further information is available in Sections 4.3 - 4.5 of this report.

3.1 Care Homes Expenditure

From 1st July 2002, personal and nursing care services became free for people aged 65 and over who are resident in Care Homes. In practice, this means that in 2015-16 everyone aged 65 and over who has been assessed as requiring personal and / or nursing care services in a Care Home received £171 per week for personal care and £78 per week for nursing care.

The weekly personal and nursing care payments have increased in recent years. Table 3 shows the value of payments between 2003-04 and 2016-17.

Table 3: Value of weekly payment from 2003-04 to 2016-17

Year Free Personal Care Free Nursing Care
2003-04 to 2007-08 £145 £65
2008-09 £149 £67
2009-10 £153 £69
2010-11 £156 £71
2011-12 £159 £72
2012-13 £163 £74
2013-14 £166 £75
2014-15 £169 £77
2015-16 to 2016-17 £171 £78

The expenditure data on Free Personal and Nursing Care relates to self-funders in Care Homes only, who previously would have paid for all of their care. The figures allow us to determine the additional cost to local authorities following the implementation of this policy, with regards to Care Homes.

Figure 6: Estimated FPNC Expenditure in Care Homes (£ millions), 2006-07 to 2015-16
Figure 6: Estimated FPNC Expenditure in Care Homes (£ millions), 2006-07 to 2015-16

Source: LFR03 return / Scottish Government FPNC validation return.
Figures contain estimates for overheads.

Figure 6 (above) and Table 4 show that expenditure on Free Personal Care for self-funders in Care Homes stood at £100 million in 2015-16, around the same as in the previous year. Expenditure has risen overall from £77 million in 2006-07. Expenditure on Free Nursing Care for self-funders in Care Homes has also risen over this period, from £22 million in 2006-07 to £27 million in 2015-16.

The total expenditure for FPNC in Care Homes has risen from £99 million in 2006-07 to £127 million in 2015-16. This likely reflects the annual increases in the FPNC payments from April 2008. Expenditure on Free Personal and Nursing Care payments to self-funders accounts for a fifth of total net expenditure on Care Homes.

Table 4: Expenditure on Care Homes for Older People (aged 65+), (£millions), 2006-07 to 2015-16

2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
Net Expenditure on Care Homes for Older People (£M) 529 556 602 625 627 625 625 627 636 632
Expenditure on FPC Payments (£M) 77 81 82 84 85 88 93 97 100 100
Expenditure on FNC Payments (£M) 22 23 24 23 23 23 26 26 27 27
Total expenditure on FPNC in Care Homes (£M) 99 104 106 108 108 111 119 123 127 127
Expenditure on FPNC as % of Net Expenditure 19% 19% 18% 17% 17% 18% 19% 20% 20% 20%

Source: LFR03 return / Scottish Government FPNC validation return.
Figures contain estimates for overheads.
*Due to a change in format of the Local Government Finance return, net expenditure figures from 2012-13 onwards include an estimate of 'Support Services' expenditure, in order to make the figure comparable to previous years. See Section 4.4 of this report for more information on support services.

3.2 Home Care Expenditure

From 1st July 2002, all personal care services provided to people in their own homes became free of charge. Prior to this date, local authorities had discretion to charge for these services and a variety of charging policies operated across the country. Any charges were subject to a financial assessment which meant that in practice many people received these services for free prior to the introduction of Free Personal Care. With the introduction of Free Personal Care, these services became free for all clients. Local authorities can still charge for domestic services such as help with shopping or housework.

Since 2002, information has been collected on the cost of providing personal care services at home. It should be noted that these costs do not tell us the additional cost of this policy as many people would have received these services for free prior to 2002 as noted above. It is estimated that at least £64.5 million was spent by local authorities on providing personal care services in 2001-02, the year before the policy was introduced. Details of how this was estimated are available from:
http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/Data/FPNC

Figure 7: Expenditure on Personal Care at home (£ millions), 2006-07 to 2015-16
Figure 7: Expenditure on Personal Care at home (£ millions), 2006-07 to 2015-16

Source: LFR03 return / Scottish Government FPNC validation return.
Figures contain estimates for overheads.

Figure 7 (above) and Table 5 show total expenditure on personal care services at home increased from £228 million in 2006-07 to £371 million in 2015-16, an increase of 63% over the period. Larger increases in expenditure from 2006-07 onwards have broadly diminished since 2010-11.

Table 5: Expenditure on Home Based Services for Older People (aged 65+), (£millions), 2006-07 to 2015-16

06-07 07-08 08-09 09-10 10-11 11-12 12-13* 13-14* 14-15* 15-16*
Net Expenditure on Home Care Services 305 335 378 399 407 398 423 445 450 452
Expenditure on Personal Care at Home 228 267 277 316 342 347 351 358 362 371
Expenditure on FPC as % of total Net Expenditure 75% 80% 73% 79% 84% 87% 83% 80% 81% 82%

Source: LFR03 return / Scottish Government FPNC validation return.
Figures contain estimates for overheads.
*Due to a change in format of the Local Government Finance return, net expenditure figures from 2012-13 onwards include an estimate of 'Support Services' expenditure, in order to make the figure comparable to previous years. See Section 4.4 of this report for more information on support services.

Table 5 shows that expenditure on personal care services accounted for 75% of overall net expenditure on Home Care services in 2006-07. This proportion has subsequently fluctuated between 73% and 87%, with 82% of Home Care expenditure spent on Personal Care in 2015-16.

Figure 8: Personal Care expenditure as a proportion of total net expenditure on Home Care, 2006-07 to 2015-16
Figure 8: Personal Care expenditure as a proportion of total net expenditure on Home Care, 2006-07 to 2015-16

Source: LFR03 return / Scottish Government FPNC validation return.
Figures contain estimates for overheads.

The increase of spend on Free Personal Care since its introduction reflects the shift away from care being provided in either Care Homes or hospitals towards more care being provided in people's own homes. At the same time there has been an increase in the proportion of Home Care clients receiving personal care services, with Home Care workers increasingly providing personal care services rather than domestic services.

This increase is associated with the following National indicators:


Contact

Email: Steven Gillespie, SWStat@gov.scot

Phone: 0300 244 4000 – Central Enquiry Unit

The Scottish Government
St Andrew's House
Regent Road
Edinburgh
EH1 3DG