1. The term early learning and childcare settings therefore encompasses settings previously known as nursery classes, pre-school centres, day nurseries, community nurseries, nursery schools etc. and also now includes childminders.
4. Amnesty International (2012) Caught in the Headlines. Scottish media coverage of Scottish Gypsy Travellers.
5. Article 12 in Scotland - Young Gypsy Travellers' Lives: On-Line Media Audit 2011 - 2014, Consolidated Report, January 2016
6. Section 1 of the Education (Scotland) Act 1980
7. Section 30 of the Education (Scotland) Act 1980
8. The Education (Additional Support for Learning (Scotland) Act 2004
10. Section 30 of the Education (Scotland) Act 1980
11. Moving Forward together: Gypsy, Roma and Traveller achievement, Department for Children, Schools and Families, UK, 2009
12. Because of small numbers, two year average is used. See here for source data available http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/School-Education/Datasets
14. See http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/12/5103/8 for definitions
15. Fluctuations in population and small numbers mean that year on year comparisons may not be fully reliable. Changes in population numbers may also impact on number of children attending schools, but are not known for 2014.
16. Welsh Government, (2014a) 'Academic achievement by pupil characteristics, 2013,' SB 29/2014, Statistical Bulletin, 27 March, Cardiff: National Statistics.
17. Gwynedd Lloyd & Gillean McCluskey (2008) Education and Gypsies/Travellers: 'contradictions and significant silences' , International Journal of Inclusive Education, 12:4, 331-345
18. Fluctuations in population and small numbers mean that year on year comparisons may not be fully reliable. For example, one or two pupils being excluded numerous times could account for the difference.
19. Reducing inequalities in school exclusion: learning from Good Practice (University of Sussex, 2013)
20. HGIOS is designed to promote effective self-evaluation as the first important stage in a process of achieving self-improvement.
21. HGIOS 4 Section 1.3 reference
22. Derrington, C. (2005). Gypsy Traveller students in secondary schools: perceptions of behaviour and patterns of exclusion. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 5 (2), - 55-61
27. An investigation of family literacy programmes for Scottish Travelling communities and European families. STEP, 2015 http://www.step.education.ed.ac.uk/research/
28. Runco, M. Creativity, Annual Review of Psychology Vol. 55: 657-687 (Volume publication date February 2004)
29. Lindstrom , L. Creativity: What Is It? Can You Assess It? Can It Be Taught?, International Journal of Art & Design Education Volume 25, Issue 1, 21 Feb 2006
34. See 'Meeting additional support needs' diagram under para. 31 of the Supporting Children's Learning Code of Practice (Revised edition) http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2011/04/04090720/6
35. Ureche, H. and Franks, M., This is Who We Are: A study of the views and identities of Roma, Gypsy and Traveller young people in England, The Children's Society, 2007
36. Lloyd, G. and McCluskey, G. (2008). 'Education and Gypsies/Travellers: 'contradictions and significant silences'', International Journal of Inclusive Education, 12, 4, 331-345.
37. Bhopal, K. (2011) 'This is a school, it's not a site': teachers' attitudes towards Gypsy and Traveller pupils in school in England, UK', British Educational Research Journal, 37 (3): 465-483.
38. For research detail and the literature see 'School transitions and mobile communities', STEP, 2015 http://www.step.education.ed.ac.uk/school-transitions-and-mobile-communities-what-the-research-says/
39. Statutory guidance states that consent is not needed from the local authority to withdraw a child at this stage in their schooling - see section 3.24 in the Scottish Government's Home Education Guidance http://www.gov.scot/resource/doc/207380/0055026.pdf
40. STEP, 2015 - see http://www.step.education.ed.ac.uk/transitions-tp/
41. The Additional Support for Learning (Changes in School Education) (Scotland) Regulations 2005
42. Section 1 of the Education (Scotland) Act 1980
43. Section 2 of the Standards in Scotland's Schools etc. (Scotland) Act 2000
44. Section 1 of the Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Act 2004
48. These duties are expected to come into force in April 2017, with the first reports due in 2020.