2. Throughout the Framework, 'positive action' refers to positive action permitted under Section 158 of the Equality Act 2010. This is action taken to enable people with protected characteristics to overcome disadvantage, to meet the needs of people with protected characteristics or enable their participation. Additional positive action powers set out under Section 159 of the Equality Act 2010 allow organisations to take account of protected characteristics in making decisions on the appointment or promotion of two equally qualified candidates. Whilst organisations taking positive action as a result of this Framework may opt to use the powers under Section 159, the work undertaken in support of the Framework will focus on the powers under Section 158.
3. The Scottish Government (2013) Public Sector Equality Duty Implementation of Scottish Specific Duties: Views from public authorities. Available from: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2013/12/2072
4. A range of projects undertaken by EHRC Scotland around the Public Sector Equality Duties can be found here: http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/about-us/devolved-authorities/commission-scotland/public-sector-equality-duty-scotland/scotland-public-sector-equality-duty-projects
5. The Scottish Government Equality Evidence Finder:
6. The Scottish Government Equality Evidence Toolkit:
7. See, for example, the Scottish Social Attitudes Survey 2010;
(2010) Scottish Social Attitudes Survey 2010: Attitudes to
discrimination and positive action. Available from:
9. Hate crime reported to the Procurator Fiscal in Scotland.
10. Race, religion, disability, sexual orientation and transgender identity.
11. The relevant question asked: 'In the last few years, have you ever done any of the things on this card as a way of registering what you personally thought about an issue?'. Items included: contacted an MP or MSP, government department or local council; responded to a consultation document or attended an event as part of a consultation exercise; attended a public meeting; contacted radio, TV or a newspaper; signed a petition; raised an issue in an organisation you belong to; gone on a protest or demonstration; spoken to an influential person; formed a group of like‑minded people or joined an existing organisation; actively taken part in a campaign (for example, leafleting, stuffing envelopes); or given money to a campaign or organisation. Source: http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/about-us/our-work/key-projects/britain-fairer/supporting-evidence/participation-influence-and-voice-domain
(2015) Improving Schools in Scotland: An
14. Percentage of school leavers achieving 1 or more at SCQF Level 6 or better. Source: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/06/2579/4
15. EHRC (2015) Prejudice-based bullying in Scottish schools: a research report. http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/publication/prejudice-based-bullying-scottish-schools-research-report
16. Available from:
18. Available from:
19. Economically active adults are those who are employed or are looking for work. It excludes groups such as students and retirees. Source: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/03/8716; http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0047/00476601.xls
20. Figures aggregated from three years' of data from 2011/12 to 2013/14 inclusive. The 'Mixed', 'Black/Black British', 'African', 'Caribbean', 'Chinese' and 'Other' ethnic groups all have sample sizes that are too small to reliably report on their own. Thus they have been combined into a single category so that they can be reported. Source: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Social-Welfare/IncomePoverty/CoreAnalysis
21. Economically active adults are those who are employed or are looking for work. It excludes groups such as students and retirees. Source: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/03/8716; http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0047/00476601.xls
23. The 2011 Census asked 'How is your health in general?' The
response categories were: 'Very Good', 'Good', 'Fair', 'Bad', 'Very
Bad'. This analysis considers those who answered either 'Bad' or
'Very Bad' to have 'poor general health'. The analysis employs
age-standardised rates to compare people of similar age, which
avoids the often misleading direct comparisons between populations
with very different age structures.
24. Source: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/03/8716
25. For an explanation of how overcrowding is calculated, see
www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/variables-classification/occupancy-rating Source: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/03/8716