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Publication - Guidance

Responding to female genital mutilation: multi-agency guidance

Published: 27 Nov 2017

A framework for agencies and practitioners to develop and agree processes that promote the safety and wellbeing of women and girls.

68 page PDF

1.6MB

68 page PDF

1.6MB

Contents
Responding to female genital mutilation: multi-agency guidance
Appendix 2: Traditional and local terms for FGM

68 page PDF

1.6MB

Appendix 2: Traditional and local terms for FGM

Country Term used for Language Meaning
Egypt Thara Arabic Deriving from the Arabic word ‘tahar’ meaning to clean/purify
Khitan Arabic Circumcision – used for both FGM and male circumcision
Khifad Arabic Deriving from the Arabic word ‘khafad’ meaning to lower (rarely used in everyday language)
Ethiopia Megrez Amharic Circumcision/cutting
Absum Harrari Name giving ritual
Eritrea Mekhnishab Tigregna Circumcision/cutting
Kenya Kutairi Swahili Circumcision – used for both FGM and male circumcision
Kutairi was ichana Swahili Circumcision of girls
Nigeria Ibi/Ugwu Igbo The act of cutting – used for both FGM and male circumcision
Sunna Mandingo Religious tradition/obligation – for Muslims
Sierra Leone Sunna Soussou Religious tradition/obligation – for Muslims
Bondo Temenee/ Mandingo/Limba Integral part of an initiation rite into adulthood – for non-Muslims
Bondo/Sonde Mendee Integral part of an initiation rite into adulthood – for non-Muslims
Somalia Gudiniin Somali Circumcision used for both FGM and male circumcision
Halalays Somali Deriving from the Arabic word ‘halal’ i.e. ‘sanctioned’ – implies purity. Used by Northern & Arabic speaking Somalis.
Qodiin Somali Stitching/tightening/sewing refers to infibulation
Sudan Khifad Arabic Deriving from the Arabic word ‘khafad’ meaning to lower (rarely used in everyday language)
Tahoor Arabic Deriving from the Arabic word ‘tahar’ meaning to purify
Chad – the Bagne Used by the Sara Madjingaye
Sara subgroup Gadja Adapted from ‘ganza’ used in the Central African Republic
Guinea-Bissau Fanadu di Mindjer Kriolu ‘Circumcision of girls’
Gambia Niaka Mandinka Literally to ‘cut/weed clean’
Kuyango Mandinka Meaning ‘the affair’ but also the name for the shed built for initiates
Musolula Karoola Mandinka Meaning ‘the women’s side’/‘that which concerns women’

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