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Publication - Statistics Publication

Scottish Vacant and Derelict Land Survey 2015

Published: 24 May 2016
ISBN:
9781786522740

The Scottish Vacant and Derelict Land Survey is a data collection undertaken to establish the extent and state of vacant and derelict land in Scotland. The survey has been operating since 1988, and is managed by the Scottish Government Communities Analysi

64 page PDF

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64 page PDF

1.5MB

Contents
Scottish Vacant and Derelict Land Survey 2015
9 Derelict and Urban Vacant Land: Previous Uses and Other Characteristics

64 page PDF

1.5MB

9 Derelict and Urban Vacant Land: Previous Uses and Other Characteristics

9.1 This section focuses on what the previous uses were for derelict and urban vacant land before it fell out of use. Information is also provided on how long derelict and urban vacant land has lain out of use and how developable that land is.

In previous surveys local authorities were asked to indicate up to three preferred future uses for sites as defined in the most recent local plan or other approved local authority planning policy documents. After consultation with relevant stakeholders it was agreed that these data would no longer be collected. Therefore from the 2013 bulletin onwards there is no analysis of future use provided.

The previous uses of derelict and urban vacant sites are shown in Table 12. Former agricultural land should only be included if it is characterised by specific unsightliness or neglect. However, local authorities have explained that in some instances former agricultural land is released for development and is then classed as vacant where either the land is prepared for development or development starts on the land.

The previous use was unknown for 660 hectares of land (3% of the total amount of derelict and 14% of the total amount of urban vacant land recorded in 2015). For those sites where the previous use is known, 38% of derelict land recorded in 2015 had been previously used for mineral activity (3,768 hectares), 19% for defence (1,941 hectares) and a further 18% for manufacturing (1,835 hectares). The most common previous use for urban vacant land, where previous use is known, was agriculture (19%, or 382 hectares) and the second most common previous use was residential development, accounting for 18% of recorded urban vacant land (355 hectares).

Table 12: Previous uses of Derelict and Urban Vacant Land, 2015 1

Previous Use Derelict Land Urban Vacant Land Total Derelict and Urban Vacant Land
Area (ha) % of Derelict Land (by Area) No. of Sites Area (ha) % of Urban Vacant Land (by Area) No. of Sites Area (ha) % of Total V&D Land (by Area) No. of Sites
Agriculture 211 2 116 382 19 156 593 5 272
Business Class 5 * 11 9 * 13 14 * 24
Community & Health 622 6 126 99 5 81 721 6 207
Defence 1,941 19 37 33 2 22 1,974 16 59
Education 107 1 87 208 11 141 315 3 228
Forestry/Woodland 14 * 9 34 2 11 48 * 20
Green/Environmental - - - - - - - - -
Manufacturing 1,835 18 304 274 14 127 2,109 18 431
Mineral Activity 3,768 38 283 22 1 6 3,790 32 289
Nature Conservation 8 * 1 - - - 8 * 1
Offices 8 * 13 12 1 22 20 * 35
Other General Industry 2 428 4 123 144 7 125 572 5 248
Passive Open Space 26 * 16 63 3 54 89 1 70
Prepared Ground - - - - - - - - -
Recreation & Leisure 3 112 1 71 58 3 68 170 1 139
Residential 163 2 204 355 18 443 519 4 647
Retailing 15 * 43 34 2 53 49 * 96
Storage 188 2 84 51 3 52 240 2 136
Transport 268 3 138 76 4 74 344 3 212
Utility Services 137 1 31 30 2 17 167 1 48
Wholesale Distribution 14 * 8 23 1 9 36 * 17
Other 168 2 85 70 4 72 238 2 157
% of categorised sites   100     100     100  
Unknown 4 327 - 175 332 - 340 660 - 515
Total 10,365 1,965 2,309 1,886 12,674 3,851

1. Figures may not sum due to rounding
2. Excluding manufacturing
3. Excluding passive open space
4. Unknown values are excluded from the calculation of percentages

Where the length of time a site has lain unused was known, 34% (1,732 hectares) of urban vacant or derelict land within settlements and 31% (2,166 hectares) of derelict land within the countryside had been unused since before 1991 (Tables 13 and 14). Taken as a whole, 32% (3,898 hectares) of all vacant and derelict land across Scotland has been lying unused for at least 24 years. There is a large degree of variation at council level for how long vacant and derelict land has been unused.

Table 13: Sites in Settlements: Date when Urban Vacant or Derelict Land was first identified, by local authority area, 2015 1,2,3

Local Authority Pre-1991 1991-1995 1996-2000 2001-2005 2006-2010 2011-2015 Unknown 4 Total
Area (ha) % Area (ha) % Area (ha) % Area (ha) % Area (ha) % Area (ha) % Area (ha) Area (ha)
Aberdeen City 4 18 - - 2 8 3 14 5 22 9 38 11 36
Aberdeenshire 1 2 2 6 2 7 4 14 16 56 4 14 29 58
Angus 9 12 7 9 5 6 26 33 13 17 18 23 3 80
Argyll & Bute 5 7 43 * 2 - - - - 4 24 5 32 14 30
Clackmannanshire 5 17 - - - - 6 20 1 3 17 59 - 28
Dumfries & Galloway 7 60 - - 2 13 3 24 * 2 - - 23 36
Dundee City 43 20 11 5 35 17 31 15 43 20 49 23 2 215
East Ayrshire 51 45 24 21 2 2 19 17 9 8 7 6 9 121
East Dunbartonshire 21 53 12 30 - - 2 4 - - 5 13 - 40
East Lothian 1 5 - - 2 8 1 3 6 24 16 61 6 31
East Renfrewshire 9 18 15 30 1 2 16 31 2 4 7 14 - 51
Edinburgh, City of 11 9 2 2 25 21 11 9 52 43 20 17 59 181
Falkirk 46 36 12 9 3 2 21 17 19 15 26 20 13 139
Fife 80 25 13 4 81 26 90 29 32 10 18 6 7 321
Glasgow City 448 40 129 12 154 14 113 10 189 17 77 7 - 1,109
Highland 173 78 13 6 14 6 15 7 4 2 3 2 17 240
Inverclyde 23 14 7 5 21 13 11 7 26 16 75 46 * 164
Loch Lomond & the Trossachs 5 10 39 1 2 - - 16 59 * * - - 2 28
Midlothian 12 69 * 1 1 3 3 19 - - 2 8 5 23
Moray 4 35 - - 2 17 2 15 1 9 3 24 2 15
Na h-Eileanan Siar 1 27 2 60 * 7 * 6 - - - - 6 10
North Ayrshire 191 36 53 10 92 17 83 16 96 18 14 3 6 535
North Lanarkshire 198 21 343 36 51 5 43 5 236 25 78 8 6 954
Orkney Islands 3 100 - - - - - - - - - - - 3
Perth & Kinross 5 7 20 2 5 2 5 9 26 15 42 1 2 5 39
Renfrewshire 59 26 13 6 28 12 27 12 85 37 16 7 - 228
Scottish Borders 4 37 4 33 - - - - 2 22 1 7 51 62
Shetland Islands - - - - - - 1 100 - - - - 1 2
South Ayrshire 55 66 3 3 9 11 3 4 13 15 * 1 24 107
South Lanarkshire 90 41 7 3 6 3 17 8 49 22 51 23 49 268
Stirling 5 1 4 - - 7 27 1 4 14 50 4 15 25 52
West Dunbartonshire 5 82 46 28 15 8 4 28 16 14 8 20 11 1 182
West Lothian 74 71 - - * * 15 14 14 13 2 2 70 175
Scotland 1,732 34 703 14 554 11 621 12 959 19 547 11 447 5,562

1. Figures may not sum due to rounding.
2. Figures are for total vacant land in settlements of 2,000 and over and derelict land in all settlements. Settlements as defined by local authorities in their latest council approved local plans (see Annex Section A.5).
3. See Annex Table E for details of council participation in different years.
4. Unknown values are excluded from the calculation of percentage values.
5. From 2011 LLTNP took responsibility for surveying vacant and derelict land within the park boundaries. These sites are no longer recorded in Argyll & Bute, Perth & Kinross, Stirling and West Dunbartonshire local authority boundaries, and are separately identifiable as LLTNP from 2011. Prior to 2011, these sites were classified within the relevant local authority boundary.

Table 14: Sites in the Countryside: Date when Derelict Land was first identified, by local authority area, 2015 1,2,3

Local Authority Pre-1991 1991-1995 1996-2000 2001-2005 2006-2010 2011-2015 Unknown 4 Total
Area (ha) % Area (ha) % Area (ha) % Area (ha) % Area (ha) % Area (ha) % Area (ha) Area (ha)
Aberdeen City - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Aberdeenshire 13 100 - - - - - - - - - - * 13
Angus 55 66 1 1 2 2 - - 18 21 8 9 1 84
Argyll & Bute 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - 29 29
Clackmannanshire - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Dumfries & Galloway 359 91 37 9 - - - - * * - - * 397
Dundee City - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
East Ayrshire 153 6 1 * - - - - - - 2,217 93 44 2,415
East Dunbartonshire 9 44 1 3 - - 2 12 - - 8 41 9 29
East Lothian 12 25 2 4 14 30 - - 19 41 - - 2 49
East Renfrewshire - - 2 83 * 17 - - - - - - - 2
Edinburgh, City of - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2
Falkirk 25 62 - - 3 8 7 16 6 15 - - 13 53
Fife 128 41 - - 71 23 73 23 40 13 1 * 17 329
Glasgow City 23 65 12 32 1 3 - - - - - - - 36
Highland 725 67 18 2 64 6 256 24 23 2 - - 16 1,102
Inverclyde - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Loch Lomond & the Trossachs 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Midlothian 133 83 2 1 26 16 - - - - - - 12 173
Moray - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Na h-Eileanan Siar - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
North Ayrshire 42 5 32 4 19 2 635 80 67 8 1 * 1 798
North Lanarkshire 107 35 1 * 25 8 16 5 6 2 154 50 3 312
Orkney Islands 35 100 - - - - - - - - - - - 35
Perth & Kinross 5 2 40 - - - - 2 31 2 29 - - 1 6
Renfrewshire - - - - 666 97 - - - - 18 3 - 684
Scottish Borders 7 100 - - - - - - - - - - 9 16
Shetland Islands 1 100 - - - - - - - - - - 4 5
South Ayrshire - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1
South Lanarkshire 99 67 9 6 * * 35 24 5 4 - - 44 192
Stirling 5 109 98 * * 2 1 - - * * - - 1 112
West Dunbartonshire 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
West Lothian 129 56 32 14 - - 69 30 - - - - 7 238
Scotland 2,166 31 150 2 893 13 1,094 16 186 3 2,406 35 217 7,112

1. Figures may not sum due to rounding.
2. Figures are for derelict land in the countryside.
3. See Annex Table E for details of council participation in different years.
4. Unknown values are excluded from the calculation of percentage values.
5. From 2011 LLTNP took responsibility for surveying vacant and derelict land within the park boundaries. These sites are no longer recorded in Argyll & Bute, Perth & Kinross, Stirling and West Dunbartonshire local authority boundaries, and are separately identifiable as LLTNP from 2011. Prior to 2011, these sites were classified within the relevant local authority boundary.

Table 15: Development Potential of Derelict and Urban Vacant Land, 2015 1

Development Potential Derelict Land Urban Vacant Land Total Derelict and Urban Vacant Land
Area (ha) % of Derelict Land (by Area) No. of Sites Area (ha) % of Urban Vacant Land (by Area) No. of Sites Area (ha) % of Total Land (by Area) No. of Sites
Developable - Short Term 2 2,275 24 467 975 45 731 3,250 28 1,198
Developable - Medium Term 3 2,350 25 492 828 38 657 3,178 27 1,149
Developable - Undetermined 1,840 19 553 311 14 320 2,151 18 873
Uneconomic to Develop/Reclamation for 'Soft' End Use 2,992 32 237 61 3 72 3,053 26 309
Percentage of categorised sites   100 100 100  
Unknown 4 908 - 216 134 - 106 1,042 - 322
Total 10,365 1,965 2,309 1,886 12,674 3,851

1. Figures may not sum due to rounding.
2. Expectation of development within five years.
3. Expectation of development between five to ten years.
4. Unknown values are excluded from the calculation of percentage values.

Table 15 shows the development potential of derelict and urban vacant land within Scotland. 24% of all derelict land within Scotland (with known development potential) is developable in the short term, compared to 45% of all urban vacant land with known development potential. The higher proportion of urban vacant land being developable in the short term, compared to derelict land, is not surprising given derelict land (by definition) requires some form of rehabilitation before new development can commence. Overall, 28% of all derelict and urban vacant land within Scotland (with known development potential) is developable in the short term. Across Scotland, 32% of derelict land and 3% of urban vacant land is seen by local authorities as being uneconomic to develop and/or is viewed as suitable to reclaim for a 'soft' end use ( i.e. non-built use).

Table 16: Ownership of Derelict and Urban Vacant Land, 2015 1

Ownership Derelict Land Urban Vacant Land Total Derelict and Urban Vacant Land
Area (ha) % of Derelict Land (by Area) No. of Sites Area (ha) % of Urban Vacant Land (by Area) No. of Sites Area (ha) % of Total Land (by Area) No. of Sites
Single Owner: Public 1,527 16 429 939 46 814 2,466 21 1,243
Single Owner: Private 7,463 79 1,060 943 46 741 8,406 73 1,801
Multiple Owners: Public 72 1 25 22 1 21 94 1 46
Multiple Owners: Private 63 1 26 40 2 23 103 1 49
Mixed Owners 305 3 71 116 6 62 421 4 133
Percentage of categorised sites   100 100 100  
Single Owner: Unknown 2 935 - 354 249 - 225 1,184 - 579
Total 10,365 1,965 2,309 1,886 12,674 3,851

1. Figures may not sum due to rounding.
2. Unknown values are excluded from the calculation of percentage values.

In 2015, a majority of all derelict and urban vacant land with known ownership had a single private owner (73% or 8,406 hectares). 21% or 2,466 hectares of derelict and urban vacant land with known ownership had a single public owner. The remaining 6% of derelict and urban vacant land with known ownership is split 1% (103 hectares) multiple private owners, 4% (421 hectares) mixed public and private ownership and 1% (94 hectares) multiple public owners. Out of all the 12,674 hectares of derelict and urban vacant land recorded in 2015, 9% (1,184 hectares) has ownership unknown to the local authority.


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