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Publication - Report

Serious organised crime: communications evidence review

Published: 27 Sep 2017
Part of:
Law and order, Public safety and emergencies
ISBN:
9781788511476

Review of messaging around serious organised crime and toolkit for communicators to reduce demand, victimisation and fear.

74 page PDF

1.5MB

74 page PDF

1.5MB

Contents
Serious organised crime: communications evidence review
Footnotes

74 page PDF

1.5MB

Footnotes

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18. 'Inclusion offence' in this context refers to the offence committed which warranted the accused's inclusion in the study into organised crime groups

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54. 'Comprehensive study on cybercrime: Draft', United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2013, p. 26

55. Ibid. p. 26

56. Pagliery, J., 'The Deep Web you don't know about', CNN, 10 March 2014, www.money.cnn.com/2014/03/10/technology/deep-web/index.html [accessed 10 October 2016]

57. Ibid.

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153. It should be noted that the term 'Prevent', while originally associated with counter-terror work, in this context is used in much broader terms. It simply denotes a wide-ranging communications and engagement project, of which the ultimate goal is to reduce the number of crimes taking place - by reducing victimisation, the purchase of illegal products, and personal involvement in crime. In this sense it is an inherently separate project from operational law-enforcement, though in practice would be driven by operational intelligence and co-ordinated at least in part by enforcement agencies.

154. Schreiber, E.S, 'Reputation', Institute for Public Relations, 14 January 2014 http://www.instituteforpr.org/reputation/ [accessed 7 January 2017]

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158. 'Scotland's Serious Organised Crime Strategy', Scottish Government, 18 June 2015, p. 2, 10 http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0047/00479632.pdf [accessed 5 October 2016]

159. ibid. p. 10

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184. Ormston, R. et al, 'Scottish Social Attitudes Survey 2009: Public Attitudes to Drugs and Drug Use in Scotland', Scottish Government, 2010, pp. 33-34

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187. Ormston, R. et al, 'Scottish Social Attitudes Survey 2009: Public Attitudes to Drugs and Drug Use in Scotland', Scottish Government, 2010, pp. 2-3

188. Ibid., pp. 14-16

189. Senthilingham, M., 'Germany becomes latest country to OK medical marijuana legalization', CNN, 20 January 2017 http://edition.cnn.com/2016/12/29/health/global-marijuana-cannabis-laws/ [accessed 22 January 2017]

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191. Ormston, R. et al, 'Scottish Social Attitudes Survey 2009: Public Attitudes to Drugs and Drug Use in Scotland', Scottish Government, 2010, p. 3

192. Glenny, Misha, 'Darkmarket – How hackers became the new mafia', 2011, p. 226

193. 'Comprehensive study on cybercrime: Draft', United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2013, pp. 236 - 237

194. Sasse, A., 'Conference paper: Busting The Myth Of Dancing Pigs: Angela's Top 10 Reasons Why Users Bypass Security Measures', 2013

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213. Flinders, K., 'Banks hide cyber crime losses, says City of London Police', Computer Weekly, 15 April 2015, http://www.computerweekly.com/news/4500244412/Banks-hide-cyber-crime-losses-says-City-of-London-Police [accessed 5 December 2016]

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216. Ibid. pp. 38, 89-90

217. Wilson, C. 'The Public and the Justice System: Attitudes, Drivers and Behaviour a literature review', Scottish Government Social Research, 2012, p. 43 http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0039/00396342.pdf [accessed 16 December 2016],

218. 'Public perceptions of organised crime in Scotland', Scottish Government Social Research, 2013, p. 8 http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0043/00434422.pdf [accessed 7 November 2016]

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220. 'Increasing public confidence and reducing fear of crime', Scottish Government, http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Justice/policies/increasing-confidence [accessed 12 December 2016]

221. 'Public perceptions of organised crime in Scotland', Scottish Government Social Research, 2013, p. 5 http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0043/00434422.pdf [accessed 7 November 2016]

222. It should be noted that the "fear of crime" as defined here may not capture some fears that people have about becoming victims of cybercrime, for instance, and that more people than currently estimated may be victims of those types of crimes (see Chapter 1).

223. 'Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014/15: Main Findings', Scottish Government, pp. 38, 69-70 http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0049/00496532.pdf [accessed 8 December 2016]

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228. Ibid., p. 9

229. Cashmore, J. 'The 'fear of crime media feedback' cycle', Internet Journal of Criminology, 2014, [accessed 10 December 2016]

230. Duffy, B. et al, 'Closing the gaps: Crime and Public Perceptions', Ipsos MORI, 2007 [accessed 11 December 2016]

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232. Davidson, N. 'Conference paper: Public confidence and fear of crime: what we knew (and what we didn't) pre RtP', Scottish Government, 24 November 2015, p. 2 http://www.bsc.scot/uploads/1/9/0/5/19054171/neil_davidson_sg.pdf [accessed 10 October 2016]

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252. Ibid., pp. 14, 88

253. Ibid., pp. 1, 8, 15

254. Hallsworth, M. and Sanders, M., 'Beyond Behaviour Change: Key Issues, Interdisciplinary Approaches and Future Directions', Policy Press, February 2016, p. 117-118

255. 'Applying behavioural insights to reduce fraud, error and debt', Cabinet Office Behavioural Insights Team, February 2012, pp. 8 - 13

256. Thaler, R. and Sunstein, C., 'Nudge: Improving decisions about health, wealth and happiness', Penguin, 2008, pp.79-84

257. 'Applying behavioural insights to reduce fraud, error and debt', Cabinet Office Behavioural Insights Team, February 2012, pp. 22 - 23

258. 'The plastic bag levy: Helping the hoarders', The Economist, 3 October 2015, http://www.economist.com/news/britain/21670047-do-you-really-need-keep-40-carrier-bags-home-helping-hoarders [accessed 17 January 2017]

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262. Ibid., p. 594

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266. Reiner, R., p. 397-398

267. Thompson L. E., et al, 'Scared straight? Fear-appeal anti-smoking campaigns, risk, self-efficacy and addiction', Health, Risk & Society, Vol. 11 , Iss. 2, 2009

268. O'Neil, M. at al, 'New Narratives: Changing the Frame on Crime and Justice', Frameworks Institute, July 2016, pp. 9, 14

269. Smith, M.S., Petty, E.R. 'Message Framing and Persuasion: A Message Processing Analysis', Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Issue 22(3), March 1996, p. 267

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Contact

Email: Jim Hislop, jim.hislop@gov.scot

Phone: 0300 244 4000 – Central Enquiry Unit

The Scottish Government
St Andrew's House
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