beta

You're viewing our new website - find out more

Publication - Statistics Publication

Social Care Services in Scotland: 2017

Published: 19 Dec 2017

Latest national figures for social care services provided or purchased by Local Authorities in Scotland.

32 page PDF

1.9MB

32 page PDF

1.9MB

Contents
Social Care Services in Scotland: 2017
4. Working Age Adults – Clients aged 18 to 64

32 page PDF

1.9MB

4. Working Age Adults – Clients aged 18 to 64

This section of the report provides more detail on the 48,540 Social Care clients aged 18 to 64 in the survey.

4.1 Home Care for adults aged 18 to 64

There were 10,610 Home Care clients aged 18-64 in 2017. Figure 23 shows that the rate of Home Care clients aged 18 to 64 per 1,000 population did not change between 2016 and 2017, remaining at 3.1 per 1,000.

Figure 23: Home Care clients per 1,000 population aged 18-64, 2008 to 2017 1
Figure 23: Home Care clients per 1,000 population aged 18-64, 2008 to 2017 1. 2017 Scotland figures are provisional as Angus council figures relate to 2016.
Source: Scottish Government Social Care Survey 2013-2017, Home Care Census 2007-2012
Population data: National Records for Scotland mid-year population estimates up to 2016 (latest available)

The number of people aged 18 to 64 receiving Home Care has remained roughly the same between 2016 and 2017, while the number of Home Care hours provided has increased. This follows decreases for both the number of 18-64 year olds receiving Home Care and hours provided between 2015 and 2016.

Figure 24: Home Care clients aged 18-64 and hours provided, 2010 to 2017 1
Figure 24: Home Care clients aged 18-64 and hours provided, 2010 to 2017
1. 2017 Scotland figures are provisional as Angus council figures relate to 2016.
Source: Scottish Government Social Care Survey 2013-2017, Home Care Census 2010-2012

Just under half (48%) of Home Care clients aged 18 to 64 received less than 10 hours of care per week (Figure 25), compared to 65% for older people (see Figure 18, Section 3). 14% of clients aged 18 to 64 received more than 50 hours of care per week compared with only 1% of clients aged 65+.

Figure 25: Home Care clients aged 18-64 by level of service, 2017 1
Figure 25: Home Care clients aged 18-64 by level of service, 2017
Based on 10,610 home care clients aged 18-64.
1. 2017 Scotland figures are provisional as Angus council figures relate to 2016.
Source: Scottish Government Social Care Survey 2017

Working age adults are less likely to use Local Authority run services: only 22% of clients aged 18 to 64 received their care solely from Local Authorities ( Table 4), compared with 52% for clients aged 65+ ( Table 2). Only 10% of Home Care hours for clients aged 18 to 64 were provided solely by Local Authorities in 2017, compared with 41% for those aged 65 and over.

There is also a greater discrepancy between the mean and median numbers of hours for clients aged 18 to 64 than was seen for clients aged 65+ ( Table 2). This is due to the distribution of home care hours seen in Figure 25 and in particular the 14% of clients who receive 50 or more hours of care each week.

Table 4: Home Care by Service Provider for clients aged 18 to 64, 2017 1

Service Provider Number of clients Client hours Average (mean) hours per week Average (median) hours per week
Local Authority only 2,370 22% 23,900 10% 10 6
Private sector only 4,490 42% 89,600 37% 20 10
Voluntary sector only 3,130 30% 111,700 47% 36 19
LA plus private 370 3% 6,900 3% 19 15
LA plus voluntary 130 1% 3,400 1% 26 16
All other combinations 100 1% 3,400 1% 34 21
Total 10,610 100% 239,100 100% 23 11

1. 2017 Scotland figures are provisional as Angus council figures relate to 2016.
Source: Scottish Government Social Care Survey 2017

Figure 26 shows people aged 18-64 who receive a home care service by the principal reason they are receiving care (their 'client group'). The main reasons that people in this age group require home care is because they have a learning disability (36% of clients) or a physical disability (33% of clients). An additional 3% of clients aged 18-64 have both a Learning and Physical disability.

Figure 26: Home Care Clients aged 18 to 64, by client group, 2017
Figure 26: Home Care Clients aged 18 to 64, by client group, 2017
¹ Dementia is known to be under recorded in the social care management information system.
² "Other" includes addictions, palliative care and carers.
³ 2017 Scotland figures are provisional as Angus council figures relate to 2016.
Based on 10,610 home care clients aged 18-64.
Source: Scottish Government Social Care Survey 2017

Figure 27 shows that of the Home Care clients aged 18 to 64 for whom living arrangements are known, 40% live alone. This is lower than the 55% of clients aged 65+ who live alone ( Figure 20).

Figure 27: Living arrangement of clients¹ aged 18 to 64 receiving Home Care services, 2017 2
Figure 27: Living arrangement of clients aged 18 to 64 receiving Home Care services, 2017
¹ Based on 6,030 clients for whom Living Arrangements were known. Living arrangements information was unavailable for 4,590 clients.
² 2017 Scotland figures are provisional as Angus council figures relate to 2016.
Source: Scottish Government Social Care Survey 2017

4.2 Community Alarm / Telecare Services for clients aged 18 to 64

There were 16,780 people aged 18-64 in receipt of a Community Alarm and/or Telecare service in the year 2016-17. As explained in Section 3 of this report, in 2015 Local Authorities were asked to provide data on all clients receiving Community Alarms/Telecare at any point during the financial year; previously they only recorded those receiving the service during the March census week (Figure 28).

Figure 28: Clients aged 18 to 64 receiving Community Alarm and/or another Telecare service, 2011 to 2016-17
Figure 28: Clients aged 18 to 64 receiving Community Alarm and/or another Telecare service, 2011 to 2016-17
¹ From 2015 Local Authorities were asked to record all clients receiving Community Alarms/Telecare at any time during the financial year. Previously only clients receiving these services during the March census week were recorded.
² 2017 Scotland figures are provisional as Angus council figures relate to 2016.
Source: Scottish Government Social Care Survey 2013-2017, Home Care Census 2011-2012

4.3 Direct Payments for clients aged 18 to 64

In 2016-17, an estimated 3,930 people aged 18 to 64 received Direct Payments to purchase the care services they need. The total amount spent by Local Authorities on Direct Payments for this age group was estimated as £73.1 million. As with the 65+ age group, this saw the continuation of the trend of increasing numbers of people receiving Direct Payments, which has been the case each year since 2009-10 (Figure 29).

Figure 29: People aged 18 to 64 who received Direct Payments¹, 2009-10 to 2016-17 2
Figure 29: People aged 18 to 64 who received Direct Payments, 2009-10 to 2016-17
¹ Direct Payments totals include an estimate for East Renfrewshire council in 2014-15– see 5.5 (background notes).
² 2017 Scotland figures are provisional as Angus council figures relate to 2016.
Source: Scottish Government Social Care Survey 2013-2017, Self-Directed Support/Direct Payments Survey 2010-2012

Table 5 shows the breakdown of clients aged 18 to 64 receiving Direct Payments to purchase the care services they need. Physical Disabilities and Learning Disabilities are the primary reason for clients in this age group receiving Direct Payments.

Table 5: Direct Payments for clients aged 18 to 64, by client group, 2016-17

Client Group Number of clients** Expenditure (£ millions) Mean 1 value of direct payments Median 2 value of direct payments
Physical disability 1,610 £30.4 £19,000 £12,000
Learning disability**** 1,430 £29.0 £21,000 £12,000
Mental Health 270 £2.5 £10,000 £6,000
Dementia*** 40 £0.3 £10,000 £8,000
Other 440 £8.0 £18,000 £9,000
Not known 150 £1.7 £12,000 £9,000
All* 3,930 £73.1 £19,000 £11,000

* The expenditure figures presented for "All" clients aged 18 to 64 receiving Direct Payments have been adjusted to account for missing 2017 data from Angus council, so are slightly higher than the sum of individual client groups. The client figures are provisional as they include 2016 Angus council figures.
** Some clients receive more than one direct payment
*** Dementia is known to be under recorded in the social care management information system
**** Learning Disability includes clients with both a Learning Disability and Physical Disability
1 The Mean denotes the "average" value of direct payments, i.e. the sum of all payments divided by the number of payments (rounded to nearest £1,000)
2 The Median denotes the "middle" value of direct payments, i.e. the value at which half of the payments are less and half are more (rounded to nearest £1,000)
Source: Scottish Government Social Care Survey 2017


Contact