beta

You're viewing our new website - find out more

Publication - Guidance

Early learning, childcare and out of school care services: design guidance

Published: 30 Jun 2017
Part of:
Children and families, Education
ISBN:
9781788510127

Guidance on good design for supporting the delivery of high quality early learning, childcare and out of school care services.

101 page PDF

6.8MB

101 page PDF

6.8MB

Contents
Early learning, childcare and out of school care services: design guidance
Footnotes

101 page PDF

6.8MB

Footnotes

1. http://www.gov.scot/Topics/People/Young-People/early-years

2. Scottish Government (2016) A Blueprint for 2020:The Expansion of Early Years and Childcare in Scotland http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0050/00507518.pdf

3. http://www.gov.scot/Topics/People/Young-People/early-years

4. Elardo, R., Bradley, R., & Caldwell, B.M., (1975) Relation of Infants Home Environments to Mental Test Performance from 6 to 36 Months-Longitudinal Analysis. Child Development Vol. 46 (1)

5. Olds, Rui Anita. (2000). Child Care Design Guide: The Ultimate Day Care Centre Design Source McGraw-Hill. New York.

6. Scottish Government (2002), The Regulation of Care (Requirements as to Care Services)(Scotland) Regulations http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2002/114/pdfs/ssi_20020114_en.pdf

7. Parents: 1757 out a sample of 2,547. This survey data was gathered as part of the Scottish Government, Care Inspectorate and Scottish Futures Trust Design Principles consultation exercise. March 2017

8. Berris, R. & Miller, E. (2011) How design of the physical environment impacts early learning: educators and parents perspectives. Australasian Journal of Early Childhood. Vol.36

9. Or 1757 from 2748 parents in the survey sample. This survey data was part of the Scottish Government, Care Inspectorate and Scottish Futures Trust Design Principles consultation exercise. March 2017

10. Scottish Government (2013) Play Strategy for Scotland: Our Vision http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0042/00425722.pdf

11. Scottish Government (2017) Health and Social Care Standards http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00520693.pdf

12. http://www.gov.scot/Topics/People/Young-People/early-years

13. Scottish Government (2013) Play Strategy: A Vision for Scotland

14. http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00520693.pdf

15. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CRC.aspx

16. http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0042/00425722.pdf

17. http://www.gov.scot/Topics/People/Young-People/gettingitright/what-is-girfec

18. http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0045/00458455.pdf

19. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/asp/2014/8/contents/enacted

20. https://education.gov.scot/improvement/Documents/ELC/ELC2_PreBirthToThree/ELC2_PreBirthToThreeBooklet.pdf

21. Education Scotland, What is Curriculum of Excellence? https://education.gov.scot/scottish-education-system/policy-for-scottish-education/policy-drivers/cfe-(building-from-the-statement-appendix-incl-btc1-5)/What%20is%20Curriculum%20for%20Excellence

22. Care Inspectorate (2016) My World Outdoors http://www.careinspectorate.com/images/documents/3091/My_world_outdoors_-_early_years_good_practice_2016.pdf

23. http://www.ukconstructionweek.com/news/construction-buzz/1017-world-in-action-and-barratts-the-builders-construction-buzz-100,

24. Taylor, S. "Offsite Production in the UK Construction Industry - prepared by HSE. A Brief Overview". http://www.buildoffsite.com/content/uploads/2015/04/HSE-off-site_production_june09.pdf

25. Taylor, S. "Offsite Production in the UK Construction Industry - prepared by HSE. A Brief Overview".

26. 2,363 from 2.748 in the survey sample. This survey data was part of the Scottish Government, Care Inspectorate and Scottish Futures Trust Design Principles consultation exercise. March 2017

27. Scottish Government (2016) A Blueprint for 2020:The Expansion of Early Years and Childcare in Scotland http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0050/00507518.pdf

28. 5.9: I experience care and support free from isolation because the location and type of premises enable me to be an active member of the local community if this is appropriate. Scottish Government (2017) Health and Social Care Standards http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00520693.pdf

29. Scottish Government (2016), Building Standard Technical Handbook http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Built-Environment/Building/Building-standards/techbooks/techhandbooks/th2016dom

30. Scottish Government, Building Standards Technical Guidance (2016) http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Built-Environment/Building/Building-standards/techbooks/techhandbooks/th2016dom

31. Olds, Rui Anita. (2000). Child Care Design Guide: The Ultimate Day Care Centre Design Source McGraw-Hill. New York.

32. https://www.avso.org/interior-design-ideas/kindergarten-in-the-form-of-a-cat

33. Article 31: That every child has the right to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational activities appropriate to the age of the child and to participate freely in cultural life and the arts. United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CRC.aspx

34. Scottish Government (2013) Play Strategy for Scotland: Our Vision http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0042/00425722.pdf

35. 2.27, Wellbeing. http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00520693.pdf

36. For example, England, Ireland, Wales, Japan, New Zealand and the Nordic countries all employ minimum space standards.

37. Anita Rui Old (2000) Childcare Design Guide: The Ultimate Day Care Design Guide. McGraw-Hill.

38. R. White & V. Stoecklin (2003), Great 35 sq foot Myth http://www.whitehutchinson.com/children/articles/35footmyth.shtml

39. The School Premises (General Requirements and Standards) (Scotland) Regulations 1967 http://www.legislation.gov.uk/id/uksi/1967/1199

40. http://www.gov.scot/Topics/People/Young-People/gettingitright/background/wellbeing/nurtured

41. https://education.gov.scot/improvement/Documents/ELC/ELC2_PreBirthToThree/ELC2_PreBirthToThreeBooklet.pdf

42. The Regulation of Care (Requirements as to Care Services) (Scotland) Regulations (2002) http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2002/114/pdfs/ssi_20020114_en.pdf

43. http://www.gov.scot/Topics/People/Young-People/gettingitright/background/wellbeing/safe

44. Article 23: A child with a disability has the right to love a full and decent life with dignity and as far as possible independence and to play an active part in the community. United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/ProfessionalInterest/crc.pdf

45. Education Scotland, How good is our early learning and childcare? (2016) https://education.gov.scot/improvement/Documents/Frameworks_SelfEvaluation/FRWK1_NIHeditSelf-evaluationHGIELC/HGIOELC020316Revised.pdf

46. Hanbury, M. (2007). Positive Behaviour Strategies to Support Children and Young People with Autism. London

47. GIRFEC Wellbeing Indicator, Active - The environment encourages children to be curious and to explore. Areas are well thought out and promote opportunities for children to play and learn together. http://www.gov.scot/Topics/People/Young-People/gettingitright/background/wellbeing/active

48. 1.26 I can choose to spend time alone. Scottish Government (2017), Health and Social Care Standards http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00520693.pdf

49. Section 7.3.1 - Wellbeing. Scottish Government (2014)Building the Ambition: National Practice Guidance on Early Learning and Childcare http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0045/00458455.pdf

50. Scottish Autism, Autism Toolbox (2009) http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2009/07/06111319/0

51. Section 7.3.1 - Wellbeing Scottish Government (2014) Building the Ambition: National Practice Guidance on Early Learning and Childcare http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0045/00458455.pdf

52. Education Scotland (2016) How good is our early learning and childcare? https://education.gov.scot/improvement/Documents/Frameworks_SelfEvaluation/FRWK1_NIHeditSelf-evaluationHGIELC/HGIOELC020316Revised.pdf

53. Section 6.3.1 - A focus on babies, what do they need? Scottish Government (2014) Building the Ambition: National Practice Guidance on Early Learning and Childcare

54. Sutton Trust (2014) A Review of the Research Evidence on Quality of Early Childhood Education and Care for Children under Three https://www.suttontrust.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/1sound-foundations-jan2014-3.pdf

55. This response was gathered as part of the Scottish Government, Care Inspectorate and Scottish Futures Trust Design Principles consultation exercise. March 2017

56. Section 7.5.1 - Wellbeing. Scottish Government (2014) Building the Ambition: National Practice Guidance on Early Learning and Childcare http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0045/00458455.pdf

57. http://www.careinspectorate.com/images/documents/3091/My_world_outdoors_-_early_years_good_practice_2016.pdf

58. Education Scotland, How good is our early learning and childcare? (2016) https://education.gov.scot/improvement/Documents/Frameworks_SelfEvaluation/FRWK1_NIHeditSelf-evaluationHGIELC/HGIOELC020316Revised.pdf

59. Section 7 - Putting pedagogy into practice. Scottish Government (2014) Building the Ambition: National Practice Guidance on Early Learning and Childcare

60. http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Health/Healthy-Living/Food-Health/vitaminD provision

61. Olds, Rui Anita. (2000). Child Care Design Guide: The Ultimate Day Care Centre Design Source McGraw-Hill. New York.

62. 1.32, Wellbeing. Scottish Government (2017), Health and Social Care Standards http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00520693.pdf

63. Parents: 1910 out a sample of 2,547. Staff: 1037 out a sample of 1140. This survey data was gathered as part of the Scottish Government, Care Inspectorate and Scottish Futures Trust Design Principles consultation exercise. March 2017

64. 1.25: can choose to have an active life and participate in a range of recreational, social, creative, physical and learning activities every day, both indoors and outdoors Scottish Government (2017), Health and Social Care Standards http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00520693.pdf

65. GIRFEC Wellbeing Indicator - Achieving. http://www.gov.scot/Topics/People/Young-People/gettingitright/background/wellbeing/achieving

66. Olds, Rui Anita. (2000). Child Care Design Guide: The Ultimate Day Care Centre Design Source McGraw-Hill. New York.

67. This research was as part of the Design Guidance consultation process in early years and childcare settings in Orkney. March 2017

68. Scottish Executive (2004), Curriculum Review Group Report http://www.gov.scot/Resource/Doc/26800/0023690.pdf

69. 1.34: If I need help with eating and drinking, this is carried out in a dignified way and my personal preferences are respected. Scottish Government (2017), Health and Social Care Standards http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00520693.pdf

70. Health Scotland (2015), Setting the Table: Nutritional guidance and food standards for early years childcare providers in Scotland http://www.healthscotland.com/uploads/documents/21130-Setting%20the%20Table%20Nutritional%20Guidance%20and%20Food%20Standards.pdf

71. 1.35, Eating and Drinking. Scottish Government (2017), Health and Social Care Standards.

72. Health Scotland (2015), Setting the Table: Nutritional guidance and food standards for early years childcare providers in Scotland

73. 1.38, Eating and Drinking. Scottish Government (2017), Health and Social Care Standards.

74. 1.39: I can drink fresh water at all times. Scottish Government (2017), Health and Social Care Standards.

75. Further information on the health effects of exposure to lead can be found on the NHS Inform website. https://www.nhsinform.scot/illnesses-and-conditions/infections-and-poisoning/lead-poisoning.

76. The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1992/3004/made/data.pdf

77. The Social Care and Social Work Improvement Scotland (Requirements for Care Services) Regulations 2011 http://www.legislation.gov.uk/sdsi/2011/9780111012321/contents

78. British Standards Institution (2006) British Standard 6465-1:2006 Sanitary Installations

79. 5.19, Wellbeing. Scottish Government (2017), Health and Social Care Standards http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00520693.pdf

80. This data was part of the Care Inspectorate's Design Principles consultation exercise. March 2017

81. 5.19, Wellbeing. Scottish Government (2017), Health and Social Care Standards

82. Whitehurst, T. (2006) The impact of building design on children with autistic spectrum disorders. Good Autism Practice. Vol.1, May 2006.

83. Zhang, G. Spickett, J. Rumchev, K. Lee, A.H, Stick, S. (2006) Indoor environmental quality in a 'low allergen' school and three standard primary schools in Western Australia. International Journal of Environmental and Health Vol.16, January 2006

84. World Health Organisation (2009) Natural ventilation for infection control in health-care settings http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2009/9789241547857_eng.pdf?ua=1

85. Irlen, H. (1991). Reading through Colours: Overcoming Dyslexia and Other Reading Disabilities through the Irlen Method. New York: Avery

86. Berris, R. & Miller, E. (2011) How design of the physical environment impacts early learning: educators and parents perspectives. Australasian Journal of Early Childhood. Vol.36

87. 1731 of 2748 of parents in the sample survey. This data was gathered as part of the Care Inspectorate's Design Principles consultation exercise. March 2017

88. Olds, Rui Anita. (2000). Child Care Design Guide: The Ultimate Day Care Centre Design Source McGraw-Hill. New York.

89. Scottish Government (2014), Building the Ambition: National Practice Guidance on Early Learning and Childcare http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0045/00458455.pdf

90. Tezuka Architects (2016) The Yellow Book. Jovis

91. 5.18 My environment is relaxed, welcoming, peaceful and free from avoidable and intrusive noise and smells. Scottish Government (2017) Health and Social Care Standards http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00520693.pdf

92. Evans, G.W & Maxwell, L. (1997) Chronic noise exposure and reading deficits: The mediating effects of language acquisition. Environment and Behaviour, Vol.29

93. Olds, Rui Anita. (2000). Child Care Design Guide: The Ultimate Day Care Centre Design Source McGraw-Hill. New York.

94. Grandin.T (1996), Emergence: Labelled Autistic. New York

95. McMillan, B. & Saffran, J. (2016). Learning in Complex Environment: The Effects of Background Speech on Early Word Learning. Child Development. Vol.87, July 2016.

96. McMillan, B. & Saffran, J. (2016).

97. Olds, Rui Anita. (2000). Child Care Design Guide: The Ultimate Day Care Centre Design Source McGraw-Hill. New York.

98. United Nations (1987), Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future http://un-documents.net/wced-ocf.htm

99. Scottish Government, Learning for Stability (2013) http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Education/Schools/curriculum/ACE/OnePlanetSchools/GovernmentResponse%20.

100. http://www.educationscotland.gov.uk/Images/HGIOS4_tcm4-870533.pdf

101. Education Scotland (2013), Vision 2030+ Concluding report of the Learning for Sustainability National Implementation Group https://education.gov.scot/improvement/Documents/res1-vision-2030.pdf

102. Scottish Government (2009), Building Better Schools: Investing in Scotland's Future, Principle 6 http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2009/09/22154600/16

103. http://www.keepscotlandbeautiful.org/sustainable-development-education/eco-schools

104. Scottish Government (2004) Sustainability - Building Our Future: Scotland's School Estate http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2004/12/20327/47466

105. Scottish Government (2004) Sustainability - Building Our Future: Scotland's School Estate http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2004/12/20327/47466

106. Olds, Anita Rui. (2000) Child Care Design Guide: The Ultimate Day Care Centre Design Source McGraw-Hill

107. NHS Education for Scotland (2015), Preventing Infection in Care at Home Handbook. NHS Scotland

108. Care Inspectorate (2014) Hand Hygiene: information to support improvement http://www.hub.careinspectorate.com/media/208454/hand-hygiene-information-to-support-improvement.pdf

109. Health Protection Scotland (2017), Infection Prevention and Control in Childcare Settings http://www.hps.scot.nhs.uk/resourcedocument.aspx?id=5761

110. SSI No.210 Welfare of users 4.-(1) A provider must (a) make proper provision for the health, welfare and safety of service users; (b) provide services in a manner which respects the privacy and dignity of service users. The Social Care and Social Work Improvement Scotland (Requirements for Care Services) Regulations (2011) http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2011/210/pdfs/ssi_20110210_en.pdf

111. The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations(1992) http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1992/3004/made/data.pdf

112. 5.3: I can easily access a toilet form the rooms I use and I can use a toilet when I need to. Scottish Government (2017) Health and Social Care Standards http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00520693.pdf

113. Association for Continence Advice & Care Inspectorate, Reshaping Ladder and Bowel Care in Scotland. Lecture 1 University of Stirling 1 October 2015.

114. Education and Resources for Improving Childhood Continence( ERIC)(2012)The Right to Go: A Guide to Helping Early Years Settings and Schools Manage Continence https://www.eric.org.uk/Handlers/Download.ashx?IDMF=b489039f-2af5-4595-a2fb-5d80d7a67f02

115. British Standard (2006) 6465-1:2006 Sanitary Installations.

116. Care Inspectorate (2014) Nappy changing facilities in early years, nurseries and large childminding services http://hub.careinspectorate.com/media/177131/nappy-changing-facilities.pdf

117. British Standard (2006) 6465-1:2006 Sanitary Installations

118. Scottish Government (2017) Health and Social Care Standards http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00520693.pdf

119. National Resource Centre for Health and Safety in Child Care and Early Education, University of Colorado College of Nursing (2015) Caring For Our Children http://cfoc.nrckids.org/images/Buttons/Download_s2.png

120. National Resource Centre for Health and Safety in Child Care and Early Education, University of Colorado College of Nursing (2015) Caring For Our Children

121. ERIC (2012) The Right to Go: A Guide to Helping Early Years Settings and Schools Manage Continence

122. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2013/2996/made/data.pdf

123. Scottish Government (2016), Building Standard Technical Handbook

124. The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations (1992)

125. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2006/3/pdfs/ssi_20060003_en.pdf

126. Equality Act (2010) http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2010/15/contents

127. 5.7 If I wear nappies there is a suitable area with a sink and some privacy for me to the changed. Scottish Government (2014) National Health and Social Care Standards

128. 1.4. if I require intimae care this is carried out in a dignified way with my privacy and personal preferences respected.

129. United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CRC.aspx

130. Care Inspectorate (2014) Nappy changing facilities in early years, nurseries and large childminding services http://hub.careinspectorate.com/media/177131/nappy-changing-facilities.pdf

131. Scottish Government (2006), The Food Hygiene (Scotland) Regulations http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2006/3/pdfs/ssi_20060003_en.pdf

132. Scottish Government (2006), The Food Hygiene (Scotland) Regulations http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2006/3/pdfs/ssi_20060003_en.pdf

133. Health Protection Scotland (2017) Infection Protection and Control in Childcare Settings http://www.hps.scot.nhs.uk/resourcedocument.aspx?id=5761

134. Food Standards Agency (2016) Guidance on Temperature Control Legislation in the United Kingdom http://www.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/multimedia/pdfs/tempcontrolguiduk.pdf

135. Health Protection Scotland (2017) Infection Protection and Control in Childcare Settings

136. Scottish Government (2006), The Food Hygiene (Scotland) Regulations

137. Scottish Government (2006), The Food Hygiene (Scotland) Regulations

138. Health Protection Scotland (2017) Infection Protection and Control in Childcare Settings http://www.hps.scot.nhs.uk/resourcedocument.aspx?id=5761

139. Scottish Government (2006), The Food Hygiene (Scotland) Regulations http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2006/3/pdfs/ssi_20060003_en.pdf

140. Care Inspectorate (2014) Hand hygiene: information to support improvement http://www.hub.careinspectorate.com/media/208454/hand-hygiene-information-to-support-improvement.pdf

141. Care Inspectorate (2014),Management of medication in daycare of children and childminding services http://hub.careinspectorate.com/media/189567/childrens-service-medication-guidance.pdf


Contact

Email: Jeff Maguire, jeff.maguire@gov.scot

Phone: 0300 244 4000 – Central Enquiry Unit

The Scottish Government
St Andrew's House
Regent Road
Edinburgh
EH1 3DG