1 It is theoretically possible for other costs of living to influence absolute poverty if they impact on measures of inflation, but this is unlikely.
2 Taylor, M., T. Haux, and S. Pudney (2012), Skills, employment, income inequality and poverty: theory, evidence and an estimation framework, available here
3 More information on the Minimum Income Standard can be found here
4 Scottish Government Cost of Living briefing note and Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2015/16 publication, both available here. Note housing costs do not include mortgage capital repayments.
5 Titheridge, H, et al. (2014) Transport and Poverty: A Review of the Evidence, available here
6 Scottish Government (2017) Scotland's People Annual Report: results from the 2015 Scottish Household Survey, available here
7 A full list of the benefits in kind that count towards income are provided in the section at the end of this document. This list can change as new benefits in kind are introduced.
8 The persistent poverty rate, used in this analysis, is taken from the experimental statistics published by the DWP and the Scottish Government. There may be revisions to this data in future due to changes made by the data providers.
The breakdowns for priority groups were provided by the University of Essex. Although both the Scotland statistic and the priority group breakdowns use the same data source, there may be minor differences in the methodologies used.
The small sample size for the priority group breakdowns will affect reliability of estimates. The available sample for the minority ethnic group was too small to produce figures for this group, and no data is available for households with children under the age of one, as the longitudinal nature of the Understanding Society dataset and persistent poverty measure mean this breakdown would not be meaningful.
Persistent poverty figures are only published as percentages because the survey weights are currently not set up to produce correct grossed-up populations.
9 Statistics produced by DWP and University of Essex. Methodologies may not match exactly. No numbers are available for this measure. See footnote on page 9 for more detail.
10 Barnes, M, et al. (2014), Child Poverty Transitions: Exploring the routes into and out of child poverty, 2009 – 2012, available here
11 Hirsch, D (2017) for CPAG, The Cost of a Child in 2017, available here
12 CEBR (2014) Cost of a Child: From Cradle to College, available here
13 See Poverty and Income in Scotland publication, published on the 22 March, available here.
14 Taken from analysis of the Annual Population Survey – July 2016 to June 2017
15 Mitra, S, et al. (2017) Extra costs of living with a disability: A review and agenda for research, available here
16 Tinson, A, et al. for JRF (2014) Poverty and the Cost of Living, available here
17 Scope (2018) The Disability Price Tag, available here
18 Blackburn, C M, et al. (2010) Prevalence of childhood disability and the characteristics and circumstances of disabled children in the UK: secondary analysis of the Family Resources Survey, available here
19 Smith, N, et al. (2004) Disabled people’s cost of living, available here
20 Contact a Family (2012) Counting the Costs, available here
21 Bradshaw, J, et al. (2006) Child poverty in large families, available here
22 Barnes, M, Lord, C, & Chanfreau, J (2015) Child poverty transitions: Exploring the routes into and out of child poverty, 2009-2012, available here
23 Shelter Scotland (2011) The Facts: Bad housing and homelessness for children and young people in Scotland, available here
24 Hirsch, D (2017) The Cost of a Child in 2017, available here
25 No persistent poverty estimates are available for this priority group
26 Kelly, M (2016) Poverty and Ethnicity : Key messages for Scotland, available here
27Commission for Developing Scotland’s Young Workforce (2014) Education Working for All!, available here
28 Data taken from the Scottish sample from the Annual Population Survey, June 2017
29 Khan, O, Ahmet, A, Victor, C (2014) Poverty and Ethnicity, Balancing caring and earning for British Caribbean, Pakistani and Somali people, available here
30 Scottish Government (2016) Regional Employment Patterns, available here
31 Hudson et al. (2013) In Work Poverty, Ethnicity and Workplace, available here
32 Runnymeade (2015) The 2015 Budget: Effects on Black and minority ethnic people, available here
33 No persistent poverty estimates are available for this priority group
34 Barnes, M, Lord, C, & Chanfreau, J (2015) Child poverty transitions: Exploring the routes into and out of child poverty, 2009-2012, available here
35 Scottish Government (2017) A Blueprint for 2020: The Expansion of Early Learning and Childcare in Scotland, available here
36 Hirsch, D (2017) The Cost of a Child in 2017, available here
37 Young Woman’s Trust (2017) What Matters to Young Mums?, available here
38 Knudsen, L & Bradshaw, P (2017) Growing up in Scotland: Patterns of maternal employment and barriers to paid work, available here
39 Data taken from the Scottish sample of the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, Jan 2018
40 Young Woman’s Trust (2017) What Matters to Young Mums?, available here
41 Matthews, P & Besemer, K (2014) Poverty and social networks evidence review: a Report for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation Anti-Poverty Programme available here
42 Scottish Government (2017) SIMD: Rural deprivation evidence summary, available here
43 Bailey, N, Bramley, G, Gannon, M (2016) Poverty and social exclusion in urban and rural areas of Scotland, available here
44 Highlands and Islands Enterprise (2016) A Minimum Income Standard for remote rural Scotland: a policy update, available here
45 Scottish Government (2017) Cost of Living Analysis, available here
46 Gibb, K, et al. (2016) How does housing affect work incentives for people in poverty?, available here
47 Titheridge, H, et al. (2014) Transport and poverty: a review of the evidence, available here
48 Nelson, J, Martin, K, Featherstone, G (2013) What works in supporting children and young people to overcome persistent poverty? A review of UK and international literature, available here
49 Matthews, P & Besemer, K (2014) Poverty and social networks evidence review: a Report for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation Anti-Poverty Programme, available here
50 H.M. Government (2014) An evidence review of the drivers of child poverty for families in poverty now and for poor children growing up to be poor adults, available here
51 McCabe, A (2013) Making the Links: poverty, ethnicity, and social networks, available here