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Publication - Research Publication

Tackling the school run: research study

Published: 18 Jan 2017
Part of:
Children and families, Education, Research

A research study to provide the latest evidence on school transport choices.

80 page PDF


80 page PDF


Tackling the school run: research study
Appendix A: Literature Review Reference List

80 page PDF


Appendix A: Literature Review Reference List

Auckland Transport (2016)

BBC (2016) Numeracy rate falls among pupils in Scotland, latest figures show (31/5/16)

The Big Pedal (2016)

Bjørnskau T, Fyrhi A and Rørholt V (2015) The Traffic Agent - A Mobile App for Children to Register Their Travels to School. European Transport Conference.

Bull F C, Gauvin L, Bauman A, Shilton T, Kohl HW 3rd and Salmon A (2010) The Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call to Action. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2010, July 7(4), 421-422.

Cairns S, Sloman L, Newson C, Anable J, Kirkbride, A and Goodwin P (2005) Smarter Choices - Changing the Way We Travel.

Cairns S and Newson C (2006), Making School Travel Plans Work: Effects, Benefits and Success Factors at English Schools. European Transport Conference.

Canada Walks

Chillon P, Evenson K, Vaughn and Ward, A (2011) A Systematic Review of interventions for Promoting Active Transportation to School. International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011. 8 (Feb 14): 10.

City of Edinburgh Council (2016) School Streets Project Evaluation. Transport and Environment Committee (30/8/16).

City of Edinburgh Council (2016) School Streets initiative launches in Edinburgh.

City of Edinburgh Council (2016) About 20mph for Edinburgh.

City of Edinburgh Council (2013) South Central Edinburgh 20mph Limit Pilot Evaluation.

Collins, D and Kearns, R (2010) Walking School Buses in the Auckland region: A Longitudinal Assessment. Transport Policy, Volume 17 Issue 1.

Cycling Scotland (2016) Annual Cycling Monitoring Report 2015.

Cycling Scotland (2016) Cycle Friendly Schools.

Cycling Scotland (2016) Give Everyone Cycle Space.

Cycling Scotland (2016) Bikeability

Cycling Scotland (2016) Give Everyone Cycle Space Evaluation.

Cycling Scotland (2015) International Comparator Study - Final Report.

Dalton M, Longacre M, Drake K, Gibson L, Adachi-Mejia A, Swain K, Xie H and Owens, P (2007) Built Environment Predictors of Active Travel to School Among Rural Adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2011, Vol.40(3), pp.312-319.

Davison P, Reed N, Halden D and Dillon J (2003) Children's Attitudes to Sustainable Transport. Research Findings No. 174. Scottish Executive Social Research.

Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (2010) Rural Safe Routes to School Programme: Evaluation Report.

Department for Transport (2014) National Travel Survey 2014: Travel to School.

Department for Transport (2010) Evaluation of the Impact and Perceptions of Cycle Training.

Department for Transport (2010) The Effects of Smarter Choice Programmes in the Sustainable Travel Towns: Full Report.

Department of Health (2011) Start Active, Stay Active: Report on Physical Activity in the UK.

de Boer, E and van Goeverden, C D (2008) School Travel as a Product of School System, School Location and Transport Strategies: A Comparative Exploration of the Four Northwest European Countries. European Transport Conference.

East Lothian Courier (2015) Four More East Lothian Schools Set to Ban Traffic from Nearby Streets at Pick-up and Drop-off times.

Education Scotland (2016) Curriculum for Excellence.

European Commission (2016) Encouraging Active Travel for Short Trips to Improve Health and the Local Economy (Active Access)

European Commission (2010) Public Transport Promotion to School Children in Rome

Fearson, M (2013) Bikeability cycling outcomes pupil survey proof of concept - Do Bikeability-trained children cycle more than untrained children?

Fitzgerald, N and Heywood, Create Consultancy (2013) Walk to School Evaluation - Final Report for Living Streets Scotland.

Garrard, J (2009) Active Transport: Children and Young People - An overview of Recent Evidence. Melbourne, Victorian Health Promotion Foundation.

Glasgow Centre for Population Health (2012) Active Travel to and from School: Building on Success.

Hinckson, E and Badland, H (2011) School Travel Plans: Preliminary Evidence for Changing School-related Travel Patterns in Elementary School Children. American Journal of Health Promotion. July 2011 vol. 25 no. 6 368-371.

Hodgson, C and Worth, J (2015). Research Into The Impact Of Bikeability Training On Children's Ability To Perceive and Appropriately Respond to Hazards When Cycling On The Road. Slough: NFER.

Living Streets (2016) Small Steps = Big Change Impact Report

Living Streets (2016) Walk to School Outreach - Final Phase Evaluation

Living Streets Walk Once a Week

Living Streets (2016) New School Buildings Part 1 - Location and Routes.

Living Streets (2016) New School Buildings Part 2 - Site Detail.

Living Streets (2015) Walk to School Outreach Programme Economic Appraisal.

Living Streets (2013) Walk to School Evaluation.

Living Streets New Zealand

Lorenc T, Brunton G, Oliver S, Oliver K and Oakley A (2008) Attitudes to Walking and Cycling Among Children, Young People and Parents: A Systematic Review. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62: 852-857.

Mackie H, (2009) Improving School Travel Systems. NZ Transport Agency research report 420.

Merom D, Rissel C, Mahmic A and Bauman A (2005) Process Evaluation of the New South Wales Walk Safely to School Day. Health Promotion Journal Australia, 16:100-106.

Metrolinx (2013) School Travel Planning in Action in Ontario: Successes and Lessons in Active and Sustainable School Transportation.

Modeshift STARS (2015) Modeshift STARS: The National School Travel Awards Scheme: Year 1 Delivery Report.

National Institute of Clinical Excellence (2007) Promoting Physical Activity for Children: Review 5 - Active travel interventions. NICE Public Health Collaborating Centre - Physical Activity.

National Transport Authority (2010) Toolkit for School Travel.

Public Health England (2016) Road Injury Prevention: Resources to Support Schools to Promote Safe Active Travel.

Road Safety Scotland (2015) Road Safety within 2015-16 Curriculum for Excellence.

Scottish Government (2016) Review of the Scottish Planning System: Empowering Planning to Deliver Great Places.

Scottish Government (2016) Funding for New Schools.

Scottish Government (2016) Transport and Travel in Scotland 2015.

Scottish Government (2016) Scottish Transport Statistics No 34 2015 Edition.

Scottish Government (2015) Cleaner Air for Scotland - The Road to a Healthier Future.

Scottish Government (2014) A More Active Scotland: Building a Legacy from the Commonwealth Games.

Scottish Government (2014) Let's Get Scotland Walking: The National Walking Strategy.

Scottish Government (2014) Scottish Planning Policy.

Scottish Government (2014) National Planning Framework 3.

Scottish Government (2014) Physical Activity Implementation Plan: A More Active Scotland.

Scottish Government (2014) Active Scotland Outcomes Framework.

Scottish Government (2013) Monitoring and Evaluation of the Smarter Choices, Smarter Places Programme.

Scottish Government (2013) School Transport Guidance Circular, Scottish Executive Education Department Circular 7/2003.

Scottish Government (2013) Creating Places - A Policy Statement on Architecture and Place for Scotland.

Scottish Government (2010) Preventing Overweight and Obesity in Scotland: A Route Map Towards Healthy Weight.

Scottish Government (2010) Designing Streets: A Policy Statement for Scotland.

Scottish Government (2009) Building Better Schools: Investing in Scotland's Future.

Scottish Executive (2002) Review of Research on School Travel.

Scottish Executive (2000) Scottish School Travel Advisory Group.

Smart M, Ralph K, Taylor B, Turley C and Brown A (2014) Honey, Can You Pick-Up Groceries on Your Way Home? Analyzing activities and travel among students and in non-traditional households. University of California .

STARS (2016) Sustainable Travel Accreditation and Recognition for School Report.

Steinbach, R., Green, J., et al (2011) Cycling and the City: A case study of how gendered, ethnic and class identities can shape health transport choices. Social Sciences and Medicine Vol.72.

Sustrans (unpublished) Impact of Co-delivery of Interventions: Analysis of Hands Up Scotland Survey Data in the Context of Intervention Delivery.

Sustrans (2016) I-Bike Scotland Summary.

Sustrans (2016) Travel to School in Scotland - Hands Up Scotland Survey: Results for 2015.

Sustrans (2016) Safer Routes to School Fund.

Sustrans (2010) Links to Schools - Review of the Impact of Interventions on School Travel.

The EU Active Access Best Practice Report - Report with Lessons Learnt from Best Practice Studies and Adaptation to Local Context.

Transport Scotland (2016) National Transport Strategy.

Transport Scotland (2016) Smarter Choices, Smarter Places Programme.

Transport Scotland (2015) Good Practice Guide on 20 MPH Speed Restrictions.

Transport Scotland (2014) A Long-term Vision for Active Travel in Scotland 2030.

Transport Scotland (2013) Cycling Action Plan for Scotland 2013.

Transport Scotland (2013) The Costs and Challenges of Changing the Specifications for School Transport in Scotland.

Wen LM, Fry D, Merom D, Rissel C, Dirkis H and Balafas (2008) A Increasing Active Travel to school: Are we on the right track? A cluster Randomised Controlled Trial from Sydney, Australia. Prev ed, 47:612-618.

Wong B, Faulkner G, Buliung R and Irving H (2011) Mode Shifting in School Travel Mode: Examining the Prevalence and Correlates of Active School Transport in Ontario, Canada. BMC Public Health, v11.

Zaccari V and Dirkis H (2003) Walking to School in Inner Sydney. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 14:137-140.


Email: Veronica Smith