Presiding Officer, I am pleased to open today's important debate about an issue that has rightly gained prominence.
Social isolation and loneliness are now recognised as having a major impact on our health and wellbeing. And whilst it has often been talked about as something that affects older people, the fact is that it can affect anyone of us – at any age and at any stage in our life.
It is important to understand what we mean when we talk about social isolation and loneliness.
Social isolation is about the quality and quantity of social relations a person has. Loneliness is a subjective feeling based on a person's perception of their social connections. Both matter.
I want to commend the important work taken forward by the Equal Opportunities Committee, in the previous Parliament, into Age and Social Isolation – the first of its kind at least in the UK, if not wider. And its first recommendation was that the Scottish Government should develop a national strategy to tackle social isolation.
There have been other important developments since then.
Members will be aware that before her death, Jo Cox established a Commission on Loneliness.
She recognised this as an important, human, issue. One that does not discriminate and is everyone's business.
Following her tragic death, her parliamentary colleagues have taken this work forward and late last year the Commission published 'a call for action' for governments to show national leadership in this area.
Last year I was privileged to meet Brendan Cox to discuss our work and theirs, and I am grateful for the Commission's support and encouragement for the leadership we – and I hope from today, this Parliament, is showing.
On Tuesday, I was proud and pleased to take an important step when I launched the draft of our national strategy for tackling social isolation and loneliness: A Connected Scotland.
In it we aim to articulate a vision of the kind of Scotland we need to build.
One where community connections are increased, and everyone feels able and encouraged to participate as they want to and I visited the Hidden Garden in Glasgow - a fantastic example of a community-based project supporting people to connect socially - the community driven work that is absolutely vital if we are to see change.
Presiding Officer, all the evidence tells us that this is an important issue we need to address.
The Campaign to End Loneliness review highlights that loneliness has comparable impacts on our health to smoking or obesity.
It has been identified as a serious public health issue by the Mental Health Foundation, Age UK and many others.
Further evidence tells us that being lonely or socially isolated can lead to depression and contribute to an increased risk of dementia.
CarersUK suggest that eight out of 10 carers feel lonely or isolated and in the first half of 2016, 31% of callers to Silverline Scotland identified loneliness in how they were feeling.
The GoWell study in deprived areas in Glasgow found that just over 31% of working age adults who were disabled or suffering long term health conditions were frequently lonely and that 17% of men and 15% of women in those areas reported frequent loneliness.
Childline figures for 2016/17 reported a large number of counselling sessions focussing on loneliness, with the majority of these with girls.
So we know the significant physical and mental health impacts and we know that particular groups – carers, those living in poverty, young mothers, those in poor health, disabled people, the bereaved, our LGBTI community and those in our ethnic minority communities – all face an increased risk of suffering from social isolation and loneliness.
Presiding Officer, above all this is an issue that touches each one of us.
It may be something we ourselves have experienced and it is more than likely that we know of someone, or worry about someone, who is right now, feeling lonely or isolated.
So there can be no 'one-size-fits-all' approach. Nor is it a problem that can be legislated away or 'fixed' with a single initiative.
As a Government, we have already taken important steps.
Our Community Empowerment Act strengthens the voices of communities in decisions that matter and has the ambition for truly meaningful local decision making and a decentralisation of power.
We have invested significant resources in supporting local community-based projects.
Last year, our £500,000 social isolation and loneliness fund demonstrated that small grassroots initiatives can have a profoundly positive impact on the number of social connections a person has.
But this is about more than just money. It is about what all of us can do to build a more connected a cohesive and connected society.
We have to challenge and tackle the stigma surrounding social isolation and loneliness.
Stigma that makes too many reluctant to admit that they are lonely or feel isolated. Stigma that somehow makes you feel that it is your fault. Stigma that takes away whatever confidence you had, and make you retreat from the social connections so vital to all our wellbeing.
Recent work by the Carnegie Trust has identified that kindness can go a long way to reducing social isolation and loneliness. This work has kick started a real conversation about the role kindness can play and I want to ensure our approach to tackling this matter is informed by these conversations.
As with so much of what we as a Government need and want to do, tackling social isolation is not just the responsibility of one part of our work – it is a collective responsibility.
So we will continue to promote positive health and wellbeing and support the development of strong and positive relationships by giving our children and young people the best start in life.
We will continue to tackle poverty and inequality through the 50 concrete actions in our Fairer Scotland Action plan and continue to support and recognise the key role played by the third sector and volunteers in our society.
And we will continue to ensure our places and spaces encourage people to get out and about and are to shape their own environments.
Accessible public transport is vital to people being able to remain socially active, particularly in rural areas so the Transport Bill we will be bring forward will aim to give people access to the best possible services.
People can undoubtedly connect through the tremendous national asset of Scotland's rich culture and heritage. So we'll seek to reflect the importance of this in our Cultural Strategy.
And we'll continue to invest in our country's national digital infrastructure to ensure that people can connect beyond their local communities.
So we are doing a great deal already and it is right that we see how each part of the work I've mentioned – and more – can contribute to the task at hand.
We have an important role to play and leadership to show.
But the real impact will come by working together – national and local government of course but working with and listening to, our communities and neighbourhoods, our third sector organisations.
Partnership that harnesses and values our collective expertise and experiences
So this draft strategy rightly emphasises that people and communities themselves that have a central role in building and maintaining social connections and supporting those who may be socially isolated; and that our role - the role of government - is to create the conditions that allow the ideas and initiatives that grow from communities, to flourish.
It's an approach which involves everyone – because we need everyone.
It's not top down or ground up - but working together. As Jo Cox said, it is everybody's business.
The solutions lie in our communities.
Each one of us knows of a local initiative or activity that works because it goes with the grain of that community.
We know of work that is not directly focussed on tackling loneliness but by bringing people together for one purpose, increases and reinforces the social relationships we all need.
The NHS driven initiative to help older people exercise to reduce the likelihood of falls and increase the body's capacity to recover from a fall, that provides the real lived evidence that it also reduces feelings of loneliness and improves mental health, or the men's shed that draws in a disparate group of individuals who discover talents they didn't know they had and shared interests that would have gone unknown but for that locally devised, and locally driven opportunity.
Governments don't do that – people do.
And our job in Government and across this Chamber is to recognise that we must use our resources and powers to support and encourage that work and – regardless of our political differences – recognise that on this issue the challenge for us all is to show that collective leadership.
So I want us to ask ourselves four questions:
- what needs to change in communities to reduce isolation and loneliness and increase social connections? * who can play their part, and what can they do more or less of?
- what do we, as a Government, need to do to empower and create the conditions for positive change?
- And what can I do, in my community, to tackle loneliness and social isolation?
This draft strategy sets out the work that is already happening led by Government, the third sector and local communities; sets out the evidence behind the issue and the information to increase our understanding.
But above all, the draft strategy invites all of us, our stakeholders and the communities of Scotland to start a dialogue that is open and co-operative.
One that listens and focusses on the task at hand and on the concrete steps we can all take to tackle and reduce loneliness and social isolation.
Presiding Officer, this draft strategy signals this Government's commitment to tackling social isolation and loneliness.
It sets out our belief that we have to do more to empower communities to lead in this area, and that our role is to create the conditions for change to happen and to lead by example.
Building a connected and cohesive Scotland is everyone's business.
Central Enquiry Unit
Phone: 0300 244 4000
The Scottish Government
St Andrew's House