Presiding Officer, today, with the publication of Scotland's Energy Strategy, we mark a significant advance in Scottish Government energy policy and, indeed energy policy for this Parliament.
It follows a major process of consultation, which covered not only the draft Energy Strategy, but detailed matters relating to onshore wind, Scotland's energy efficiency programme, the development of local heat and energy efficiency strategies, and district heat regulation.
The Strategy we are publishing today is fully in line with our draft Climate Change Plan, and our ambitions for sustainable growth and
It sends a series of clear messages:
- our determination to decarbonise
- our commitment to support the innovation and evolution of our energy system
- our focus on inclusion and economic benefit and the development of supply chain opportunities
- we make plain to the wider world that Scotland is an open, modern and excellent location for energy investment and collaboration
The strategy is accompanied by the Onshore Wind Policy Statement - confirming the value of onshore wind to Scotland's energy system, economy and communities.
Presiding Officer, 2017 has been an important year for the energy sector.
We have seen dramatic reductions in the cost of offshore wind, and more success for Scottish projects in securing long term contracts at auction. These developments and others in sectors like floating wind energy, wave and tidal power generation provide a huge opportunity for the Scottish supply chain.
Our Programme for Government announced by the First Minister, contained new commitments on Electric and other Low Emission Vehicles, and our intention to support up to £60 million of new innovation funding under the Low Carbon Innovation Fund – setting Scotland apart as a country at the vanguard of the global move to low carbon energy systems.
Scotland is also leading the way in promoting community and locally owned renewable energy – well ahead of the rest of the UK – giving the people in those areas a genuine stake in the nature and operation of their energy systems.
I can announce today that the latest figures from the Energy Saving Trust show that an estimated 666 megawatts of community and locally owned renewable capacity is now operating in Scotland; an increase of 12% from last year's figure.
I firmly believe that people want more opportunities like this and we will continue to work with industry and communities to make that a reality.
Our Local Heat and Energy Efficiency Strategies will set out a long term prospectus for investment in new energy efficiency, district heating, and other heat decarbonisation programmes. Indeed, a second consultation is now underway on the detail of these proposals.
The Strategy itself includes our vision for 2050 – of a flourishing, competitive energy sector delivering secure, affordable and clean energy for Scotland's households, communities and businesses.
Scotland's social and economic well-being, and the sustainable productivity and competitiveness of our economy, depend upon secure, affordable and reliable energy supplies.
We can build on Scotland's existing industrial strengths – including harnessing the capabilities of our world class oil and gas sector, and leading industrial clusters such as Grangemouth, as well as the growing strength we have in all areas of renewable energy.
Scotland's businesses are also well placed to capture the economic benefits of developing and pioneering new approaches.
Smarter ways to generate and store renewable energy, and monitor energy use, can open up fresh opportunities for consumers – with applications and technologies which can reduce both carbon emissions and energy bills.
The move to electric and ultra-low emissions vehicles will create both opportunities and challenges for our electricity and transport systems. A co-ordinated approach, involving all stakeholders, will help us understand and tackle these opportunities and challenges in the best way possible.
And Scotland's Energy Efficiency Programme places a renewed emphasis on reducing the energy consumption of our buildings and decarbonising their heat. Our earlier designation of energy efficiency as a National Infrastructure Priority underlines the economic benefits of these kinds of investment.
We are determined to make our energy system as inclusive as possible - protecting and informing, but also involving and empowering Scotland's consumers.
However, for far too many households, energy is still unaffordable and the market is failing many Scottish consumers. Many of those fuel poor households are part of a significant group who do not switch suppliers – and are therefore on some of the most expensive energy tariffs.
So while recent moves by the UK Government to cap tariffs for certain consumers may help to reduce bills, that may be insufficient, in isolation, and these must form part of wider efforts to ensure a fairer market for all.
That is why, in October, the First Minister announced the ambition to establish a new energy company.
The aim is that this company will support economic development and contribute to tackling fuel poverty, as well as being owned by the people of Scotland and run on a not-for-profit basis.
It is important to seek views and expertise as we further develop this proposal. Early feedback on the strategy consultation has been constructive and we are grateful for this input. In just one of these responses the University of Edinburgh's Department for Social Responsibility and Sustainability said they would "welcome exploration of a place for a government-owned energy company to act on a non-profit basis, addressing market failures to assist in lessening instances of fuel poverty."
Following the announcement of our aim in October, Dermot Nolan, Chief Executive of Ofgem was widely quoted as saying Ofgem would "welcome any form of potential new entry" into the energy market.
And we today commit to a formal process of public consultation in the later part of 2018.
Presiding Officer, Scotland has always set a high bar when it comes to our energy potential and goals and we are internationally recognised for the strength of our commitment to the development of renewable energy, particularly in electricity.
I can confirm today that we are building on that progress by adopting two new and ambitious targets for 2030:
- firstly, the equivalent of 50% of Scotland's total energy consumption – for heat, transport and electricity – to be supplied from renewable sources. This demonstrates our commitment to a low carbon energy system and to underpinning the continued successful growth of the renewable energy sector in Scotland
- secondly, an increase of 30% in the productivity of our energy use across the Scottish economy. This means delivering more economic output for each unit of energy consumed across the economy
Alongside these important targets, we have developed six new Strategic Priorities, which I will summarise briefly:
- firstly, we will make greater efforts than ever to protect consumers from excessive costs, while helping them take advantage of new opportunities arising from energy
- secondly, we will continue to prioritise energy efficiency, supporting and improving the efficient use of energy in Scotland's homes, buildings, industrial processes and manufacturing
- thirdly, we will continue to champion Scotland's renewable energy potential, with an ever greater focus on creating new jobs and supply chain opportunities
- fourthly, we will ensure that Scotland's homes and businesses can continue to depend on secure, resilient and flexible energy supplies
- fifthly, we will empower our communities by supporting innovative and integrated local energy systems and networks, to help drive both local community and economic regeneration
- we will continue to support investment and innovation across our oil and gas sector, including exploration, innovation, subsea engineering, decommissioning and carbon capture utilisation and storage
The Strategy includes a range of actions to deliver our goals. We have committed up to £20 million – through an Energy Investment Fund – to support and stimulate renewable and low carbon energy investments in 2018-19. This will build on the success of the Renewable Energy Investment Fund. Expansion of the funding support to include low carbon technologies alongside renewables will ensure that future investment reflects the wider systems approach and local energy ambitions being encouraged within the strategy.
Presiding Officer, today we are also publishing our Onshore Wind Policy Statement.
We expect onshore wind to play a growing and invaluable role in our transition to a low carbon future.
The support and investment frameworks for onshore wind have fundamentally changed, just as the technology is also changing – with moves towards larger, more efficient turbines which have made onshore wind highly cost effective.
We are determined to help secure a route to market for new developments – through policy changes at a UK-wide level, and through actions of our own.
Our planning system already makes positive and practical provision for onshore wind – protecting our landscapes and ensuring that development goes ahead only in the right places.
That will remain the case, and ensure that onshore wind can continue to power Scotland's low carbon future – while involving, regenerating and benefitting local communities.
Presiding Officer, today's publications mark the next stage of a process, rather than a full stop.
We are determined to increase public and business engagement on our energy future.
People are much more aware, interested and informed about energy issues – not just policy, but the ways in which technological and other changes can give households, businesses and communities more options, and more control. As we move ahead, we need to take all of society with us.
Together with the final Climate Change Plan and Scotland's Energy Efficiency Programme, we will develop a new approach, drawing on experts from a range of backgrounds.
We will monitor the strategy annually, working closely with the Scottish Energy Advisory Board and its industry leadership groups.
We expect to publish the first Annual Statement in 2019.
Presiding Officer, Scotland has world class skills, expertise and knowledge, from the North Sea oil and gas industry to our growing renewable energy sector, our academic institutions and smaller start-ups.
This strategy recognises and builds on our past, on our achievements to date, and on Scotland's capacity for innovation.
It confirms the vital role of energy efficiency, of our renewables potential, and our desire to develop new, local energy systems and to develop the Scottish supply chain to deliver a sustainable energy future.
And it places consumers, and their interests, more firmly than ever at the heart of everything that we do, I commend Scotland's Energy Strategy to Parliament.
Central Enquiry Unit
Phone: 0300 244 4000
The Scottish Government
St Andrew's House