3. Delivering Better Outcomes
Supporting all business - making available the right support at the right time
The Shape of Business Support
Our need both to increase the business base and target high growth suggests that our current split in focus between Business Gateway and the Enterprise Agencies in providing business support to SMEs and high growth companies is broadly correct  . In refreshing our approach, we will ensure an integrated range of joined-up services that stimulate engagement, drive innovation and ambition, and meet the growth needs of all types of business. Scotland's core enterprise and skills agencies and Business Gateway, as well as partners such as VisitScotland, will between them support companies through all stages of the business lifecycle - ensuring that support, whether digital or in person, is available to all businesses that wish to start up and grow. Together, they will provide the full range of assistance from pre-start through start-up and expansion to scale, so that businesses can access the right support at the right times from the right provider. They will also draw on other providers' skills and expertise from across the public, third and private sectors, including the Innovation Centres, Scotland's colleges, universities and knowledge exchange offices, and the breadth of entrepreneurship organisations. Since not all clutter is at the hands of the agencies or local government services, we will co-ordinate and streamline where we can, and engage with wider partners to persuade them to do the same.
As now, this will be segmented according to business growth stages, with the partners responsible for ensuring that together they minimise duplication and clutter. The enterprise agencies will remain responsible nationally for supporting higher growth and key sectors - providing more tailored support to those with greatest growth potential. HIE will retain its additional remit for community-based enterprise. Recognising the importance of local economies and local diversity, local authorities will remain responsible for business information and advice for start-ups, micro-enterprises and locally traded SMEs through the Business Gateway service, as well as related functions such as planning and employability. Some local authorities have already joined up support under the Business Gateway umbrella; our ambition is to broaden this out to encompass more local authorities' business support where appropriate. Once established, the South of Scotland vehicle will respond to the enterprise and skills requirements of the south of Scotland - focussing on the needs of place, driving activity to support inclusive growth and communities, and making best use of people and resources. Annex A illustrates the respective roles and responsibilities of each body.
The positive difference for business will be our focus on collective impact and our drive to make the system work much better through a consistent focus on the individual business. This is most important in the transition between growth stages, including between start-up and high growth support where medium-sized businesses have described how they can sometimes feel lost. For growth companies, we will take the recent close collaboration around innovation between Business Gateway and the agencies as a model of successful partnership that works in the business' interests.
As noted, there is a clear regional dimension. Scotland's business base is geographically dispersed, sometimes in regional or sectoral clusters. The Regional Partnerships Project demonstrates how a regional focus can provide substantial additionality by facilitating multi-organisational and multi-sector collaboration across shared opportunities or challenges. We expect our enterprise agencies to strengthen their consideration of regional equity in their business planning, and to increase their operational focus on place by working closely with regional partnerships to help shape regional economic strategies that align with national objectives and improve local outcomes. Regional partnerships are expected to have a strong private sector voice. As they develop and generate evidence of impact, we will consider how business support might be streamlined or enhanced. The recent requirement for each of Scotland's 32 Community Planning Partnerships to agree and publish a Local Outcomes Improvement Plan ( LOIP) provides a further opportunity to identify particular local improvement priorities around which business support can be aligned.
In addition, we will explore how we might build on initiatives such as CAN DO Places to grow the value of small scale local economic clusters (for example, industrial estates or business parks). Since all businesses, regardless of location, should be able to access support suitable to their ambition, our work on entrepreneurship will further explore how virtual support, such as that provided through HIE's support for Entrepreneurial Spark's virtual accelerator pilot, can ensure high-growth-potential is supported right across Scotland. This supports our overall principle that whilst agency investment and support should be targeted at firms with growth potential, the scale of that growth will be considered proportionate to the local economy within which it is located.
Focussing support on the user
Two key Review principles have been that support should be focussed on the user and clutter reduced. As noted, a substantial amount of work has already been initiated to improve businesses' experience of support and to provide more consistent and timely services (See Annex B). We will further address clutter, confusion and inconsistency by re-designing and redefining public sector support around the customer's journey. [vi] As we build on existing provision, businesses will experience both improved initial contact and guidance, and a simpler support journey that includes over time:
- Simpler common language and a consistent public sector approach that fully exploits digital opportunities with a single, easy-to-access, digital entry point.
- An early, intelligent assessment of needs and opportunities to ensure support is tailored and provided by the right partner.
- Contact from the most appropriate first partner within a specified time in a way that corresponds to the needs of the individual business owner.
- Fewer and ultimately only one request for the same basic information which, with agreement, will be shared across the system.
- A more joined-up approach to workforce planning, skills and talent attraction.
- For businesses with significant growth potential, a key contact within the most appropriate organisation to facilitate access both to digital advice and across providers, backed by a more rounded team approach that strengthens their development and growth ambitions.
Business support will still be delivered through a mix of face-to-face and digitally-enabled engagement. This will include self-service website or telephone advice; one-to-many seminars, workshops and events; and tailored one-to-one advice, including from partners with specific expertise such as the Scottish Manufacturing Advisory Service or Scottish Development International. Some of this will be digitally supported, for example through webinars or teleconferencing, thereby making best use of businesses' valuable time.
This will be affirmed in a joint commitment from all public sector business support partners that makes clear the standards and levels of service that businesses can expect. In addition, we will work together to identify the most effective means to reach businesses who are not yet engaged, and work with wider partners so they help raise ambition and guide more businesses to make the best use of available advice.
Specific support mechanisms will range from making more use of accelerator programmes to leverage shorter but more intensive engagement, to the longer-term dedicated and proactive support traditionally experienced through account management. Partners will also respond to the needs of specific sectors - such as VisitScotland's work in tourism with private sector partners and dispersed small or micro-based businesses, or the SE, HIE, SDS, SFC and Creative Scotland collaboration around the screen industry.
The intensity and duration of support will be appropriate to the business' opportunities and needs at any stage, as well as their potential economic impact. We will consider clearer entry and exit points for intensive engagement - stepping back where this is not needed so businesses can consolidate progress, and ready to re-engage when it will again have impact. Our enhanced and integrated team approach will ensure that each partner's efforts are focussed where they best add value. It will mean that resource may be combined or shared when necessary to support the client, and it should strengthen our ability to provide more intensive support to increase the number of mid-sized businesses. In terms of higher growth, we will work together with others through the Scotland CAN DO Scale movement (see below) to create more companies with the ambition and potential to scale up to a turnover of £50-£100m+ (or equivalent growth reflecting local circumstances).
Key business characteristics will influence the entry criteria for intensive support and play an important role in assessing a business's potential and opportunity. These include the scale of contribution to Scottish, regional or local growth and/or economic resilience. They also include a business' desire to grow quickly, its ambition and positive entrepreneurial mindset; its scope for productivity improvement and innovation; its projected turnover, profitability and growth potential; business strategy and leadership; market and international opportunity; and commitment to fair working practices and progressive workforce development and engagement.
For this support environment to be successful in the Highlands and Islands, South of Scotland and other rural areas, as well as in specific sectors such as tourism, the following must also apply:
- Support must be capable of being flexed and targeted to tackle disadvantage or nurture distinctive opportunities across different parts of these regions.
- Economic and community development need to be fully integrated through an approach that combines business support with creating resilient, capable communities.
- Partners across the public sector should recognise that economic development is multi-faceted and requires significant partnership and investment to deliver the infrastructure on which businesses and communities depend (for example, physical and digital connectivity, education, health care and housing).
This is illustrated in the importance of a thriving rural economy in supporting viable rural communities. Recognising the prominent role that social, family-owned and micro enterprises play across rural Scotland, and the variation in both business requirement and type or extent of support, we expect soon to progress a series of actions that will support the needs of rural enterprises.
In addition, we will continue to expect SE and HIE to focus on nationally and regionally important sectors and to deliver on industrial strategies in conjunction with business-led Industry Leadership Groups. Our strategic approach to industrial policy operates within the overarching framework provided by Scotland's Economic Strategy, Innovation Action Plan, and Manufacturing Action Plan. This has demonstrated flexibility to deal with specific issues as they arise, such as our interventions to secure a viable future for steel, commercial shipbuilding or aluminium production. We are currently developing the business case for a new manufacturing centre of excellence and skills academy (the National Manufacturing Institute for Scotland) and, on 19 June, announced funding for a Lightweight Manufacturing Centre. We are also working closely with the UK Government to ensure that we realise maximum economic benefit from the planned UK Industrial Strategy and associated funding. We will look for ways to further strengthen our support for industry, seek to maintain an open dialogue as our work develops, and monitor the impact of this on business support.
Action: Starting this summer, and engaging with the business community and individual businesses, deliver a joint improvement programme to create a much more coherent and joined up system of support that is focussed on business need and is quick and easy to access and understand.
Driving a growth culture and building business capacity
The importance of mindset and developing ambition in raising productivity is now globally recognised. Top business people, including serial entrepreneurs, have a mindset, whether innate or learned, that is growth-oriented. Accordingly, our focus on improving support must be matched by encouraging the appropriate ambition and mindset amongst all businesses so that they can increase resilience, improve productivity, and offer increasingly innovative products, processes and services.
Increasing Scotland's productivity requires us both to increase the number of entrepreneurial high growth companies, and to maximise the cumulative economic and employment impacts of smaller companies, especially where they are locally important. We will therefore seek to raise ambition at every level and, to support this, will recognise and celebrate business success.
All enterprises have the potential to impact positively on Scotland beyond purely economic terms. We want to celebrate and encourage this so that company success and wider positive benefits are seen as mutually compatible. This may be through adoption of the Fair Work Framework principles, the Scottish Business Pledge, inclusive and purpose-driven business models, or partnering with international organisations such as B-Corp. [vii]
In seeking to drive ambition, it will be important to recognise the trigger points for growth and to support businesses appropriately as they reach these. The stages of generating and validating an idea, making a decision, getting started, building and developing a team, raising equity or funding to grow, and dealing with investors, boards and non-executive directors all involve personal and professional development from the business leader and the team around them. Analysis of these points should help identify what types of engagement and support are critical at which junctures.
Nonetheless, further work is required to understand better how to stimulate ambition and unblock what is preventing many businesses from engaging more actively and effectively with growth support. We will consult with firms across the SME base (including micro-businesses) to improve our understanding of their ambitions. We will also draw on the successful application of behavioural insights techniques in other areas to identify how best to engage more companies and then support improvement.
As part of our approach to raising ambition and helping businesses scale, we will play our role in facilitating the collective impact approach and 'backbone' called for in the MIT REAP Scotland report. [viii] In particular, we will encourage and support action to bring together and amplify the Scotland CAN DO entrepreneurial movement that is taking root across Scotland. This will enable leaders of Scotland's innovation-driven enterprises to share experiences and learning and to accelerate growth as they interact with, and feed off, a much more effective and impactful entrepreneurial community. We will also invest into organisations capable of strengthening Scotland's entrepreneurial ecosystem in a way that provides a boost to Scotland's entrepreneurial culture and ambition and accelerates the realisation of the Scotland Can Do vision.
Action: Undertake specific research, reporting in early 2018, on the behaviour and motivation of businesses in terms of ambition, innovation and productivity so that we can reach more businesses more effectively and better target future interventions.
Action: Work with Entrepreneurial Scotland to establish, by autumn 2017, a 'backbone' of support organisation to maximise the collective impact of Scotland's growing entrepreneurial movement.
Education plays an important role in fostering a culture of entrepreneurship, developing business skills, and preparing people for the world of work. Working closely with Skills Development Scotland, the enterprise agencies and Business Gateway advisers will consider the impact of in-work training when designing their support for individual businesses. They will consider the role of colleges and universities in providing this, and the positive impact of skills and education on talent attraction and ensuring a balanced labour pool across Scotland. In doing so, they will ensure activity aligns with Scotland's Enterprising Schools and Developing Scotland's Young Workforce recommendations - such as in SDS's work with industry to develop higher-level, business-led Modern and Graduate Apprenticeship programmes that align with sector and regional business needs. In this context we will also, as a part of Scotland's Year of Young People 2018, work with partners to provide a platform for young people to develop and showcase their entrepreneurial and innovative potential.
Management skills have been highlighted as a particular challenge for many Scottish businesses. ix As outlined in the Innovation Report, it has been suggested that management quality can be improved through basic business education in areas such as budgeting, data analysis and standard human resources practices. [x] In addition, we need to consider how we ensure access to training for business leaders and entrepreneurs - including first time entrepreneurs - that fits in with their full and busy work schedules. This is alongside the support provided, for example, by business incubators, university-based executive education, and entrepreneurial leadership programmes such as Entrepreneurial Scotland's Saltire Fellowship. Once available, we will consider the implications of analysis proposed by the Innovation project relating to the management skills issues facing Scottish businesses, including those that are family-owned.
Building businesses' digital capacity
The ability of business to operate digitally will profoundly influence Scotland's economic and inclusive growth. The refreshed Digital Strategy for Scotland (March 2017) highlights the potential of digital technologies to help businesses to innovate, develop new products and services, reach new markets and customers at home and abroad, and grow. In addition to our investment in world class broadband and digital skills, actions focussed specifically on businesses include:
- A new Digital Growth Fund, which will make loans available to businesses to help meet the costs of relevant digital skills training, and increase their digital footprint and capability.
- An extension for the Digital Boost programme, which raises awareness and offers advice to businesses across Scotland on the ways in which digital technology can help them to grow.
- A second Digital Business Survey and Maturity Index to take place during 2017, the results of which will help guide continuing digital business advice and support.
- A pilot project aimed at growing rapidly scalable digital businesses that can compete on a global stage.
- Collaboration with the business community on ways to promote and increase e-commerce awareness and activity in Scotland.
- Continued support for small digital businesses to take advantage of public sector procurement opportunities.
Improving Delivery - joining up the partners behind the scenes
Simplifying delivery for businesses will require deep collaboration between public sector delivery partners so that businesses receive support that is appropriately tailored to their needs. Annex C shows how the journey through support will appear more straightforward to businesses ( Figure 1) and then how this will be facilitated behind the scenes, with each partner playing their role in collectively supporting businesses, sectors, clusters and the wider economy ( Figure 2). This will be integrated with broader economic development activity through regular liaison and collaboration with other public, private and third sector providers.
In aligning behind our common vision, public sector delivery partners will jointly own and deliver an agreed support strategy. They will take a co-ordinated and collaborative approach to ensuring a consistent, easy-to-access system that also responds to local requirements and is informed by customer research, input and business-needs analysis.
To deliver streamlined and user-focussed support, agency and local authority partners will accelerate existing partnership approaches based on three principles:
- Creating the conditions - using our collective infrastructure, knowledge and people to facilitate opportunities for business.
- Focussing on customer opportunity - providing support in a way that inspires and enables business customers to realise their potential and grow.
- Collaboration - maximising opportunities for partners and customers across organisations and sectors to collaborate, share, learn and influence.
This will see a move away from semi-rigid demarcation with cut-off points between individual organisations driven by individual targets, to a more rounded team approach for businesses and their growth ambitions that includes collective measures. All partners will be expected to be collaborative and responsive, with some flexibility to respond to specific needs and tailor targeted interventions.
Developing Delivery Capability
In order to deliver this, support capabilities will need to match our collective ambition. The overarching drive for continuous and shared improvement will require us all to embrace digital. Alongside efforts to drive ambition and engage more businesses, online delivery will allow a much broader cohort of companies to access more information and advice, thereby extending public sector reach and enhancing face-to-face services. It will improve effectiveness in delivering basic support and maximise opportunities to target intensive resource where this will impact most.
Responses to the Phase 1 Call for Evidence and focus group feedback in early 2017 highlighted the desirability of a simple, easily accessible digital offering to complement the highly-valued face-to-face support. There was a clear call from businesses for support to be marketed more clearly, avoiding confusion as to where to go and a resulting failure to engage. Businesses also asked for the transition between support partners to be made more seamless via digital means, and for start-ups and businesses new to the support landscape to have a more easily navigable experience.
The Office for National Statistics ( ONS) is developing a new Business Index. This will provide a complete definitive list of all businesses and sole traders in the UK and assign to each a unique identifier. The aim is for the index to be shared across government to facilitate more efficient and effective business policies and services. The Scottish Government is involved in testing, and we expect a beta version to be available in 2018. Once developed, we will use the authenticated ID to help ease requirements for inputting basic information and to pull in support from partners more quickly and effectively. Depending on delivery timescales, we will consider developing our own interim ID for Scottish business support.
We also want to reduce confusion by developing a common digital access point for all public sector business advice and support. This will be backed by the single business ID so that every business' route through support is more easily navigable. It will complement SE's Enquiry Fulfilment and Research Service ( EFRS) which currently handles enquiries, including by phone, on behalf of SE and Business Gateway. Moving forward we will explore how we align this enquiry service with the proposed single digital access point.
The Business Gateway portal was set up to offer a single entry point and triage service for all start-ups and growth companies in Scotland. Its service is well valued, and quality assurance confirms that the majority of those who have used it consider it beneficial. However, it is not used by all companies. Some don't access any publicly funded advice at all; some immediately approach SE or HIE; and the phase 1 Call for Evidence responses suggested that many are confused as to where they should go. At the same time, the mygov.scot website, which was originally developed as a common site to bring together all public services in Scotland, has transitioned services from the Scottish Business Portal and Finance Hub (previous joint partner commitments). It offers businesses information on matters such as starting a business, developing a product, exporting, calculating business rates and accessing finance and funding opportunities, and signposts them to services on GOV.UK which are the responsibility of the UK Government.
In seeking clarity for businesses, we will look to ensure a single entry point that is trusted by all business and continues the triage service offered by Business Gateway. The intention is for all agency and local authority business advice services to be lined up behind the single entry point, including wider support such as access to finance through the Scottish Investment Bank or Scottish Growth Scheme. As we consider how best to co-ordinate with the mygov.scot website, we will seek to ensure information is consistent, up-to-date and accurate; avoids duplication where possible; is available to users in the way they want to receive it; and makes available performance data so as to improve future performance.
All public sector providers engaged in attracting businesses to support will be tasked with directing businesses to the single access point. Nonetheless, there will be no wrong door insofar as customers landing first with an individual organisation will be handed on appropriately. In time, businesses will be able to sign up to receive tailored advice and information, and we will include links to third and private sector business organisations where appropriate.
Work on the design of the digital entry point will start over the summer. We will then consider supplementing this with a Business Box - an electronic information pack that each business will receive alongside their Business ID. This will include links to online support and training packages, information on the types of support available, and the offer of follow up.
These steps will remove scope for confusion and simplify engagement. We have heard that businesses find the entry and exit points for support from different organisations confusing, and that they are frustrated by the experience of repeatedly submitting basic information when they make more than one application for support. Our re-focussed team approach will help them to experience smoother handing-on to the correct partner, as well as between partners where they receive support from multiple organisations. They will spend less time repeating basic input of data, be better informed across the spectrum of support, and feel listened to, better understood and supported.
Behind the scenes, partners will benefit from improved visibility across the whole system, improved oversight where more than one is engaged with the same company, and the ability to signpost more easily. Based on robust analysis of need, they will be able to target resources more effectively. It is expected that they take care not to offer services that could be in competition with other providers and result in confusion. They will liaise when reviewing or developing new programmes and initiatives, including with business organisations. Government will likewise check existing support before we ask agencies to develop new initiatives.
This will support further opportunities to accelerate business success, including:
- Improving individual end-to-end processes and services, for example reducing times to receive advice or decisions on grants.
- Developing a common assessment environment so that partners can collectively identify who can best offer assistance and target support appropriately.
- Increased use of appropriate data capture, data sharing agreements and analytics, for example gender-disaggregated data, to measure impact and inform future interventions.
- Reducing confusion by developing a common design feel, some common content and branding across public sector providers.
- Making available common tools for providers to support business development and decision making, e.g. common business planning, cash flow and financial templates.
- Understanding and accessing government-funded skills programmes at the appropriate time.
- For businesses with appropriate growth potential, a 'partnership for growth' approach and allocation of lead contact to oversee their journey.
- Facilitated peer-to-peer learning and mentoring opportunities with third party partners.
- Jointly putting problems forward to public sector innovation challenges such as the SE Innovation Challenge or CivTech, which engages the private sector and citizens to develop more innovative and effective solutions (see Innovation Action Plan).
We may then seek to extend this 'supply-led' support beyond public sector provision. A broader digital platform, for instance, could enable others to join and offer B2B support in their areas of expertise, for example using a 'live' database to match supply and demand. If appropriate, this could help bring together the wider spectrum of support services, for example linking with careers services and the supply of labour or skills.
The quality of all advice and support, whether accessed digitally or not, is crucial. Business has highlighted the crucial quality of advisers and a proactive mindset. Building on current training, our efforts to integrate structures will be backed by the development of organisational and staff capabilities. We will ensure advisers remain ambitious for Scotland's businesses, and are supported by access to up-to-date knowledge, insights and tools from across the public and private sectors, and lessons from other countries. Continuous Professional Development could, for example, include exchanges or placements to ensure advisers have recent experience of the area in which they work.
Action: Develop a single digital access point that is appropriate and accessible for all business types.
Action: Build on work by the Office of National Statistics to develop and deliver a single, authenticated business ID to facilitate the joining up of support between organisations across Scotland and reduce duplication in the provision of information by businesses.
Action: Pilot, and if successful roll-out, a Business Box for companies - an electronic information pack that each new business receives alongside its Business ID.
Action: Build on existing professional training, and use the capabilities of a common digital platform, to ensure business advisers are equipped to provide top quality advice that responds to all business types and to current and future business needs.
Specific support themes
In addition to refocusing support and ensuring collaborative delivery, we will undertake early action in individual areas such as scale up, gender and social enterprise. Further delivery themes, following analysis of requirement, could include how we support businesses into the emerging economy or the challenges facing mid-market and family businesses.
Stimulating and supporting significantly more high growth companies with the ambition and potential to scale up to a turnover of £100m+ is one of the most powerful drivers of growth for the economy and jobs, national competitive advantage, and wealth  . The Scale Up Report on Economic Growth notes that the UK lags behind the US and other leading economies in the extent to which companies scale; as promising companies struggle to grow domestically and expand internationally, they are taken over by larger, often foreign-owned, firms at a significant discount to their potential. [xi] We have a long-standing gap in the number of Scottish companies of scale, and it is recognised that fast, high growth companies require specific support to reach turnover levels of £100m+.
The Scottish Government's 2016/17 Programme for Government committed to 'working with our enterprise agencies to create an expanded and collaborative 'Scale Up' programme'. The Innovation Action Plan (a Phase 1 action from this Review) undertook to increase 'our ability to scale up innovative companies with rapid growth potential by drawing together existing high growth initiatives into a collaborate SCALE UP programme'.
Many positive initiatives have started to emerge. These include the new Scale Up leadership programme delivered in partnership by the Hunter Foundation and Entrepreneurial Scotland, and the Scale summer school run by SE, HIE and SFC, now in
its third year. Our agencies continue to enhance their assistance to companies to achieve fast growth and scale - for example through their Entrepreneurship Development Programme with MIT and their account management scaling service.
We believe that the ambition for scale up is best led and owned by the entrepreneurial ecosystem - driven through a collaborative and expansive movement that is connected with, and develops from, a strong business start-up base. Building on an inclusive partnership across public, private and third sectors, Entrepreneurial Scotland will use its convening power to facilitate the Scotland CAN DO Scale movement. This will be a specific strand of the wider Scotland CAN DO programme.
Scotland CAN DO Scale will seek to build momentum by raising levels of awareness, connectivity and ambition. It will engage entrepreneurs and business leaders who are innovation-driven, have an international mindset, and whose key characteristics include ambition to grow significantly and with pace. On the supply side, it will focus on identifying and aligning Scotland's scale stakeholders and initiatives - developing shared language and identifying the place of individual programmes and interventions in a common framework. On the demand side, efforts will initially focus on identifying Scotland's scaling entrepreneurs and fuelling appetite. Partners will develop and implement an agreed communications plan and explore the creation of a Scale web portal. This will be lined up behind the single access point for business support and aligned with Scotland CAN DO.
Detailed work to measure progress will be taken forward jointly by the new SG and agency analytical unit and experts such as the Fraser of Allander Institute, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor ( GEM) and Business Insider. Next steps to drive this forward with pace and endorsement from the ecosystem will include formalising the CAN DO Scale steering group and mapping existing support onto the key stages of growth. [xii]
Action: Provide more and better co-ordinated support for businesses to 'scale up' by driving forward the Scotland CAN DO Scale movement through Entrepreneurial Scotland and partners across the system - with the new steering group in place from summer 2017.
Tackling the gender gap in enterprise and enabling women to start-up and grow businesses are important measures of a vibrant and inclusive economy. Studies show that women-led businesses are ambitious and aspire to scale up. They indicate that were women to start enterprises at the same rate as men, they could generate an additional £7.6 billion for the Scottish economy. [xiii] Significant economic gains can therefore be realised by ensuring business support speaks to and is aligned with the needs of women-led businesses.
A supportive, responsive system that provides women-led businesses with the right support at the right time requires gender-awareness from early in the business formation process and throughout the whole journey. Partners need to understand the needs and barriers faced by minority and women-led businesses in accessing suitable support and to ensure that their targeting and delivery is gender-appropriate, including through the single digital access point. [xiv]
However, in order to achieve sustained transformative change, additional activity is required short-to-medium term to remove the barriers, real or perceived, which hinder female-led growth. The Scottish Government's latest Programme for Government promised to double overall support to £400,000 in 2017/18 for the actions delivered through the Framework and Action Plan for Women's Enterprise. [xv] The framework refresh, funded through Scotland CAN DO and published this summer, will ensure that the shared effort around gender and the overall context of business support are fully aligned. It will facilitate an implementation group of public, private and third sector partners to ensure that progress is met against outline goals, and act as one voice in directing the most appropriate path for policy and interventions. This implementation group will collaboratively scope, cost and ensure the success of future policy and interventions to drive the realisation of the Women In Enterprise Framework.
Existing commitments to support delivery alongside the framework include:
- Doubling funding to £120,000 for Investing Women's support to women-led businesses, providing growth advice and links to angel investors (announced April 2017).
- Supporting the CAN DO Women's Ambassadors Project delivered by Women's Enterprise Scotland to provide case studies as well as speakers and delegates to engage with conferences and events. Over the next year we will ensure the recruitment and deployment of a further 10 Women's Enterprise Ambassadors with a focus on STEM and high growth.
- Supporting Business Women Scotland's delivery of the #BWSLiveEvents programme - informing women about the support landscape for female entrepreneurs and encouraging them to network and gain confidence to grow their businesses.
In addition, the Digital Technology Skills Group has established a Gender Action Group to tackle the gender gap and underlying issues in the technology sector and wider economy. [xvi]
Action: Realise untapped economic potential by tackling the gender gap across start-ups and growth companies - including through this summer's refreshed Women in Enterprise Action Framework, with action to deliver a sustainable model that collaboratively develops and monitors future gender-aware and gender-specific policies and interventions.
Social enterprises blend commercial and social objectives in pursuit of a fairer and more equal society. For more than a decade, the sector has benefited from sustained investment to develop Scotland's system of support for social enterprise. This features, for example, social enterprise incubation, specialist business support, training, and education opportunities. Scotland's first Social Enterprise Census, published in 2015, found that more than 5,000 social enterprises in Scotland employed more than 100,000 people and contributed around £1.68 billion to the Scottish economy each year.
In December 2016, the Scottish Government's Social Enterprise Strategy, co-produced with the social enterprise sector, set out shared ambitions with three priorities:
- Stimulating Social Enterprise - strengthening local development, social entrepreneurship and innovation, social enterprise in education, and national recognition.
- Developing stronger organisations - through social finance, business support, collaboration, leadership and workforce development, and the demonstration of social value.
- Realising market opportunity - in public, consumer and business markets.
The first action plan, published April 2017, [xvii] is set against the backdrop of this review and features specific actions to support social enterprises as businesses. These include:
- Extending the national programme of specialised business support - Just Enterprise - by another year and investing a further £1.2m before reviewing its performance and impact more fully.
- Equipping a growing network of business advisors with the knowledge and relationships to deliver the best possible support to social enterprises, including through a Business Support Exchange Network of advisors from SE, HIE, SDI BG, Just Enterprise and others.
- Helping early stage social enterprises through support for Scotland's first social enterprise accelerator programme (LaunchMe).
- Boosting digital innovation and growth; supporting first steps into international markets; helping social enterprises to win public sector business.
- Ensuring that a growing number of social enterprises enjoy the benefits of engaging with mainstream business advice and support from SE, HIE and Business Gateway.
A number of Business Gateway advisers already focus on supporting social enterprises. HIE's core remit specifically includes support for social enterprises and communities, and it works intensively with them over a sustained period through account management. SE provides account management and specialist services according to the standard eligibility criteria for mainstream businesses. It leads Scotland's input, as one of six European partners, to an Interreg Learning Exchange Programme focussed on social enterprise. In addition, collaborative and employee ownership business models are supported by Co-operative Development Scotland, an arm of SE working in partnership with HIE. Building on this, we will task our delivery partners with widening social enterprises' access to mainstream business support alongside any other commercial business.