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Publication - Report

Protecting Scotland's children and young people: it is still everyone's job

Published: 2 Mar 2017
Part of:
Children and families, Education
ISBN:
9781786528285

Review of various child protection systems and organisations in Scotland.

82 page PDF

826.0kB

82 page PDF

826.0kB

Contents
Protecting Scotland's children and young people: it is still everyone's job
Appendix F: Multi-Agency Child Practice Reviews in Wales

82 page PDF

826.0kB

Appendix F: Multi-Agency Child Practice Reviews in Wales

Introduced in 2013, the ' Multi-Agency Child Practice Reviews' were developed as a new framework to replace Serious Case Reviews to improve the culture of learning from child protection cases across Wales. The main aspects of the new framework are:

  • It involves agencies, staff and families in a collective endeavour to reflect and learn from what has happened in order to improve practice in the future, with a focus on accountability and not on culpability;
  • It has the potential to develop more competent and confident multi-agency practice in the long term, where staff have a better understanding of the knowledge base and perspective of different professionals with whom they work;
  • It strengthens the accountability of managers to take responsibility for the context and culture in which their staff are working and to see that they have the support and resources they need;
  • It recognises the impact of the tragic circumstances of non-accidental child deaths or serious harm on families and on staff, and provides opportunities for serious incidents to be reviewed in a culture that is fair and just;
  • It takes a more streamlined, flexible and proportionate approach to reviewing and learning from what are inevitably complex cases;
  • It allows a more constructive and appropriate use of resources than in the previous system and works to shorter timescales;
  • It draws on learning from other related review processes and increases compatibility with different review systems;
  • It focuses on key learning identified through the review process which results in relevant recommendations and action to improve future practice, recorded in anonymised reports which are published by Local Safeguarding Children's Boards.

The new Learning and Reviewing framework involves a three tiered approach for Local Safeguarding Children's Boards ( LSCBs):

Tier Description
Multi-Agency Professional Forums A continuous programme for learning together of multi-professional facilitated events for practitioners and managers, primarily to examine case practice and provide opportunity for consultation, supervision and reflection, and to disseminate findings from child protection audits, inspections and reviews, in order to improve local knowledge and practice and to inform the Board's future audit and training priorities.
Concise Reviews A Board must undertake a concise child practice review in any of the following cases where, within the area of the Board, abuse or neglect of a child is known or suspected and the child has -died; or sustained potentially life threatening injury; or sustained serious and permanent impairment of health or development; and the child was neither on the child protection register nor a looked after child on any date during the 6 months preceding - the date of the event referred to above; or the date on which a local authority or relevant partner identifies that a child has sustained serious and permanent impairment of health and development.

The purpose of a review is to identify learning for future practice and involves practitioners, managers and senior officers in exploring the detail and context of agencies' work with a child and family. The output of a review is intended to generate professional and organisational learning and promote improvement in future inter-agency child protection practice.

A concise review is made up of a number of interconnected activities described below, all of which contribute to the rigour of the process and to the learning drawn from the case being reviewed.
  • The review is managed by a Review Panel and a reviewer is appointed to work with the Panel. The review engages directly with children and family members, as they wish and is appropriate, so their perspectives are included, and it involves practitioners and their managers who have been working with the child and family. A planned and facilitated practitioner- focused learning event is a key element of the review, conducted by a reviewer independent of the case management, to examine current case practice within a limited timeline and using a systems approach.
  • A draft anonymised child practice review report and an outline action plan are produced and presented to the LSCB. Board members of the LSCB consider, challenge and contribute to the conclusions of the review, and identify the strategic implications for improving practice and systems to be included in the action plan.
  • The final report is approved by the LSCB and submitted to the Welsh Government and then published by the LSCB. The process will be completed as soon as possible but no more than six months from the date of a referral from the Board to the Review Sub-Group.
  • The action plan is finalised within four weeks of the final report, approved by the LSCB, and submitted to the Welsh Government. The implementation of the action plan is regularly reviewed and progress reported to the Board.
  • Action plans should lead to improvements in child protection practice and the Board needs to ensure they are carefully audited to see whether actions are being carried out and with what effect, and whether they are making a difference.
Extended Reviews A Board must undertake an extended child practice review in any of the following cases where, within the area of the Board, abuse or neglect of a child is known or suspected and the child has - died; or sustained potentially life threatening injury; or sustained serious and permanent impairment of health or development; and the child was on the child protection register and/or was a looked after child (including a care leaver under the age of 18) on any date during the 6 months preceding - the date of the event referred to above; or the date on which a local authority or relevant partner6 identifies that a child has sustained serious and permanent impairment of health and development.

The review follows the same process and timescale as a concise review, engaging directly with children and families, in so far as they wish and is appropriate, and involving practitioners, managers and senior officers throughout. There is an additional level of scrutiny of the work of the statutory agencies and the statutory plan(s) which were in place for the child or young person.
  • The review is undertaken by two reviewers working closely together, appointed by the Review Panel. They will have responsibility for examining how the statutory duties of all relevant agencies were fulfilled, and reporting on this to the Review Panel and the LSCB.
  • An anonymised child practice review report is considered and approved by the LSCB, submitted to the Welsh Government and published by the LSCB. The process will be completed as soon as possible but no more than six months from a referral from the Board to the Review Sub-Group.
  • The action plan is finalised within four weeks of the final report, approved by the LSCB, and submitted to the Welsh Government. The implementation of the action plan is regularly reviewed and progress reported to the Board.
  • Action plans should lead to improvements in child protection practice and the Board needs to ensure they are carefully audited to see whether the actions are being carried out and with what effect, and whether they are making a difference.
Welsh Government (2012) Protecting Children in Wales: Guidance for Arrangements for Multi-Agency Child Practice Reviews , Cardiff: Welsh Government (Pages 5-7).

Contact

Email: Judith Ainsley