The Scottish Ministers use the urban/rural classification to determine which schools in Scotland should be considered rural schools and included in the Rural School List for the purposes of the Schools (Consultation) (Scotland) Act 2010.
The urban/rural classification is a methodology which allows every postcode in Scotland to be classified into eight different urban and rural categories. Every school can be allocated to one of these categories based on its postcode.
A 'rural school' is defined as those located within any of three rural categories. This means that a school which, according to the urban/rural classification, is located in a settlement of under 3,000 people is classified as a rural school. in 2017, 34% of Scotland's schools are classified as rural schools.
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