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Publication - Statistics Publication

Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2016/17: main findings

Published: 27 Mar 2018
Part of:
Law and order, Statistics
ISBN:
9781788517171

This report details the main findings from the Scottish Crime and Justice Survey conducted 2016-2017.

129 page PDF

2.9MB

129 page PDF

2.9MB

Contents
Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2016/17: main findings
Summary Infographics

129 page PDF

2.9MB

Summary Infographics

Key findings from SCJS 2016/17
on
Overview of crime in Scotland

The overall level of crime has fallen by nearly a third since 2008/09, but is unchanged since 2014/15.

Similarly, the proportion of adults experiencing crime has fallen from around one in five in 2008/09 to fewer than one in seven in 2016/17.

The likelihood of experiencing crime in 2016/17 was higher for young adults, those in urban areas and those in the most deprived areas.

A small number of victims experienced a high proportion of all crime. The 4.3% of adults who are multiple victims experienced more than 60% of all crime.

  • 712,000 Crimes committed against adults in Scotland in 2016/17
  • ⇩ 32% decrease in overall level of crime experienced in Scotland since 2008/09 but no change since 2014/15
  • 13.4% of adults experienced crime in 2016/17
  • ⇩ 7percentage pts decrease of adults experiencing crime in Scotland since 2008/09

How much crime was there?
Incidents of crime (000's)

What type of crime was experienced?

  • 68% Property crime

    Of all property crime, vandalism (34%), other household theft (27%), personal theft (26%), motor vehicle theft (8%) and housebreaking (5%).

  • 32% Violent crime

    Of all violent crime, the majority was minor assault with no /negligible injury (72%).

    Other violent crime comprises minor assault with injury (13%), serious assault (7%), attempted assault (4%) and robbery (3%).

  • 37% of crimes were reported to the police

A small number of victims experienced a high proportion of all crime.
A small number of victims experienced a high proportion of all crime

No Crime: Most adults did not experience any crime in 2016/17.

One Crime: 9.2% of adults experienced one crime, corresponding to almost 40% of all crime in 2016/17.

Two (+) Crimes: 4.3% of adults experienced two or more crimes. These victims experienced more than 60% of all crime in 2016/17 . However this rate of multiple victimisation has almost halved from 8.2% in 2008/09.

13.4% of adults experienced crime. Some people were more likely to experience crime than others.

  • 19.5% Young people (aged 16-24)
  • 19.4% People living in the most deprived areas
  • 14.8% People living in urban areas

Key findings from SCJS 2016/17 on
Focus on violent crime

The total number of violent crimes is estimated to have fallen by more than a quarter since 2008/09, but is unchanged since 2014/15.

The proportion of adults experiencing violent crime fell from 4.1% in 2008/09 to 2.9% in 2016/17.

Almost three quarters of violent crimes were minor assault with no or negligible injury (72%). Other violent crime comprises minor assault with injury (13%), serious assault (7%), attempted assault (4%) and robbery (3%).

Experiences varied across the population with 1.1% of adults experiencing around two-thirds of violent crime.

  • 231,000 Violent crimes committed against adults in Scotland in 2016/17
  • ⇩ 27% decrease in violent crimes in Scotland since 2008/09, but no change since 2014/15
  • 2.9% of adults experienced violent crime in 2016/17
  • ⇩ 1.3 percentage pts decrease in adults experiencing violent crime in Scotland since 2008/09 but no change since 2014/15

How much violent crime was there?
Incidents of crime (000's)

Facts about violent crime in 2016/17

  • Nearly three quarters of violent crime took place in public settings (73%)
  • More than four in five violent crimes were committed by male offenders (84%)
  • Offenders were believed to be under the influence of alcohol in just over two-fifths (42%)
  • Violent crime in 2016/17 did not commonly involve the presence or use of weapons (15%)
  • 43% of crimes were reported to the police

A small number of victims experienced a high proportion of violent crime
A small number of victims experienced a high proportion of violent crime

No Crime: Most adults did not experience any violent crime in 2016/17.

One Crime: 1.8% of the population experienced one violent crime, corresponding to around a third of all violent crime in 2016/17.

Two (+) Crimes: 1.1% of adults experienced two or more violent crimes. These victims experienced around two-thirds of all violent crime in 2016/17.

2.9% of adults experienced violent crime. Some people were more likely to experience this than others.

  • 5.3% Young people (aged 16-24).
  • 4.8% People living in the most deprived areas
  • 3.2% People living in urban areas

Key findings from SCJS 2016/17 on
Focus on property crime

The total number of property crimes is estimated to have fallen by around a third since 2008/09, but is unchanged since 2014/15.

The proportion of adults experiencing property crime fell from 18.0% in 2008/09 to 11.5% in 2016/17.

The most common types of property crimes were vandalism, other household theft and personal theft.

A small number of victims experienced a high proportion of property crime. The 3.3% of adults who were repeat victims experienced 53% of property crime.

  • 481,000 Property crime committed against adults in Scotland in 2016/17
  • ⇩ 34% decrease in property crime experienced in Scotland since 2008/09, but no change since 2014/15
  • 11.5% of adults experienced property crime in 2016/17
  • ⇩ 6.5 percentage pts decrease in adults experiencing property crime in Scotland since 2008/09

How much property crime was there?
Incidents of crime (000's)

Property crime in 2016/17

  • 34% Vandalism
  • 27% Other Households theft (including bicycle)
  • 26% Personal Theft
  • 8% Motor vehicle related
  • 5% Housebreaking
  • 34% of crimes were reported to the police

A small number of victims experienced a high proportion of violent crime
A small number of victims experienced a high proportion of violent crime

No Crime: Most adults did not experience any property crime in 2016/17.

One Crime: 8.3% of adults experienced one property crime, corresponding to almost half all property crime in 2016/17.

Two (+) Crimes: 3.3% of adults experienced two or more property crimes. These victims experienced 53% of all property crime in 2016/17 . However this rate of repeat victimisation has almost halved from 6.4% in 2008/09.

11.5% of adults experienced property crime. Some people were more likely to experience this than others.

  • 16.8% Young people (aged 16-24)
  • 16.5% People living in the most deprived areas
  • 12.8% People living in urban areas

Key findings from SCJS 2016/17 on
Public perceptions of the police

The majority of adults in Scotland (58%) believed the police in their local area were doing an excellent or good job in 2016/17 (unchanged since 2014/15 but down from 61% in 2012/13)

How confident were people in the ability of the police?

The majority of adults are confident in the police across each of six different aspects of policing
The majority of adults are confident in the police across each of six different aspects of policing

The proportion of adults confident in each of these aspects has increased since 2008/09
The proportion of adults confident in each of these aspects has increased since 2008/09

The majority of people in both urban and rural areas were confident across each of these six aspects of policing in 2016/17.

Since 2008/09:

  • in urban areas confidence has increased across all six aspects of policing
  • in rural areas confidence is unchanged in five aspects, and has increased in one (prevent crime)

Proportion of adults who strongly agree / agree that:

  • The police in this area would treat you with respect if you had contact with them for any reason - 87%
  • Police in this area can be relied on to be there when you need them - 65%
  • The police in this area treat everyone fairly regardless of who they are - 62%
  • The police in this area listen to the concerns of local people - 52%
  • Overall, people have a lot of confidence in the police in this área - 46%
  • Community relations with the police in this local area are poor - 23%
  • Police in this area are not dealing with the things that matter to people in this community - 21%

Key findings from SCJS 2016/17 on
Public perceptions of crime

Perceptions of local/national crime rate

Local crime

  • 76% Thought the local crime rate had stayed the same or reduced
  • ⇧ 11 percentage points since 2006
  • 19% thought that the local crime rate had increased
  • ↔ No change since 2014/15

National crime

  • 50% Thought that the national crime rate stayed the same or reduced
  • ⇧ 10 percentage points since 2009/10
  • 37% thought that the national crime rate had increased
  • ⇩ Down 4 percentage points since 2014/15

Fear of crime

  • 77% Of adults felt safe walking alone after dark
  • ⇧ 11 percentage points Since 2008/09
  • ⇧ 3 percentage pointsSince 2014/15
  • 70% of victims of crime felt safe walking alone after dark
  • 63% of people living in the most deprived areas felt safe walking alone after dark
  • 67% females
  • 89% males
  • Females were less likely than males to feel safe walking alone after dark

Of a range of crimes asked about, people were most commonly worried that someone would use their credit card or bank details (52%) or that their identity would be stolen (43%)

Across a range of crimes, a greater proportion of adults thought that they were likely to experience crime (over the next year) than the proportion who were actually victims in 2016/17. For example:

Across a range of crimes, a greater proportion of adults thought that they were likely to experience crime (over the next year) than the proportion who were actually victims in 2016/17


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