You're viewing our new website - find out more

Publication - Consultation paper

Trafficking and exploitation strategy: draft for consultation

Published: 12 Oct 2016
Part of:
Equality and rights, Law and order

A draft strategy for consultation on tackling human trafficking and exploitation in Scotland.

17 page PDF


17 page PDF


Trafficking and exploitation strategy: draft for consultation
Section 5: Next Steps and Measuring Progress

17 page PDF


Section 5: Next Steps and Measuring Progress

Section 35 of the Act requires Scottish Ministers to prepare this Strategy. Section 36 requires the Strategy to be laid before Parliament and to be reviewed three years from the date of publication.

The Scottish Government will work with partners to develop a national level Action Plan that will sit alongside the Strategy. Partners will also be involved in the development of the delivery and implementation structure for taking the Strategy forward.

How Will We Measure Progress?

We have set out the proposed measures below as a way of reporting on progress with the Strategy as a whole. This will be done on an annual basis. The current situation (or the closest approximation currently available) is set out for reference.

This will be placed in a narrative context to ensure that measurement reflects the qualitative as well as the quantitative aspect of measurement. The work to reflect voices of victims will be a key element of this narrative.

Measure Definition Current (2015-16) Why?
Identify victims and support them to safety and recovery
Number of potential victims identified. All victims (adults and children) who enter the NRM) and (in due course) those identified through the 'duty to notify' processes.

Knowing the number of potential victims identified will help us to assess the extent of human trafficking and exploitation in Scotland. We would expect this number to increase initially as we raise awareness and more incidents are reported.

However, the long-term trend should be downwards.

The information should also help to assess the profile of human trafficking and exploitation in Scotland and inform prevention efforts.

Number of adult victims provided with support (as set out in Section 9 of the Act) Reports from the support provider.

We want a coherent support process that enables victims to build resilience. Reports from the support provider will provide information on outcomes for victims, and so will provide the qualitative data around the numbers.

We also want victims to be aware of the available support and trust it enough to ask for help, so we expect this figure to rise as a proportion of the number of adult victims identified.

Number of trafficked or exploited children supported through the child protection system. This will be based on the returns already provided to Scottish Government by local authorities. First data available March 2017. We want a coherent support process for children as well as adults. Recognition of trafficking and exploitation within the child protection system will contribute to that. We would expect this figure to rise initially as this recognition beds in to the system.
Number of eligible children who are allocated an independent child trafficking guardian. Number of eligible children who receive the support of an independent child trafficking guardian under Section 11 of the Act.

As part of a coherent support process, for children who do not have a parent or guardian in the UK, the Scottish Guardianship Service ( SGS) will contribute along with statutory services to providing the required support.

We expect that this figure will rise as the SGS is further developed.

Identify perpetrators and disrupt their activity
Number of individuals convicted for the offences. Persons convicted in that year under Section 1 and Section 4 of the Act and also under earlier legislation (Section 22 of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003, Section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants etc.) Act 2004 and Section 47 of the Criminal Justice Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010). This information will add to the overall picture of identification of perpetrators. However, these are complex crimes, often taking place across borders and even successful convictions may take place outside Scotland. For these and other similar reasons, this data will not be used to measure the effectiveness of awareness raising activity and identification of incidents and perpetrators.
Number of individuals convicted of offences with a human trafficking background Convictions using the aggravations set out in Sections 5, 6 and 7 of the Act in that year. This information will add to the overall picture of identification of perpetrators of human trafficking, where prosecution is for a different offence, or where the trafficking was committed against a child or by a public official in the course of their duties.
Number of orders made under Part 4 of the Act. Orders made in that year using the powers in Part 4 of the Act. Orders come into force spring 2017. These orders are intended to restrict the activity of perpetrators or suspected perpetrators, and will complement the information that will be gathered under the preceding two measures. We expect these to rise as the orders become available and the system becomes established.
Address the conditions that foster trafficking and exploitation
Public awareness of the issue of human trafficking and exploitation. Questions in face-to-face survey conducted annually. This will help to assess the effectiveness of awareness raising activities undertaken, and to adjust them if need be.
Infrastructure and partnership working
Numbers of statutory bodies that have specific referral mechanisms for human trafficking and exploitation within their organisation. Self-reporting on an annual basis through the Strategy Implementation Group. An infrastructure that supports communication and information is essential to delivery of all the other strands of the Strategy. We expect this number to rise initially as we raise awareness but, given that there are a finite number of organisations that fall into this category, that it will plateau and be maintained.
Number of organisations (statutory and non-statutory) within Scotland that have action plans that contribute to delivering the overall aims of the Strategy. Self-reporting on an annual basis through the Stakeholder Forum arrangement. The Strategy provides an overall structure, which can be used by organisations to develop their own action plans relevant to their organisations. It will be helpful to reflect how many of these are in place.