Annex A: Definitions
Ethnic Group Abbreviations
Throughout this paper the following abbreviations have been applied to make it easier to read and allowing for smaller labels in the charts:
- 'Asian, Asian Scottish, or Asian British' - 'Asian'
- 'Pakistani, Pakistani Scottish, or Pakistani British' - 'Pakistani'
- 'Indian, Indian Scottish, or Indian British' - 'Indian'
- 'Bangladeshi, Bangladeshi Scottish, or Bangladeshi British' - 'Bangladeshi'
- 'Chinese, Chinese Scottish, or Chinese British' - 'Chinese'
- 'African, African Scottish, or African British' - 'African'
- 'Caribbean, Caribbean Scottish, or Caribbean British' - 'Caribbean'
- 'Black, Black Scottish, or Black British' - 'Black'
- 'Arab, Arab Scottish, or Arab British' - 'Arab'
The 2011 Census asked respondents 'What is your sex?', whereas the term 'gender' is used throughout this paper. The Scottish Government prefers its equality policy to focus on the social differences between men and women (gender) as opposed to medical differences (sex).
Household Reference Persons ( HRPs) provide an individual person within a household to act as a reference point for producing further derived statistics and for characterising a whole household according to the characteristics of the chosen reference person.
The occupancy rating of a household is calculated by subtracting the notional number of rooms required from the actual number of rooms. The Scottish Household Survey ( SHS) reports on the 'Bedroom Standard' which is different to occupancy rating. Bedroom Standard is defined in the Housing (overcrowding) Act 2003 based on the number of bedrooms in a dwelling and the people in a household who can share a bedroom. This definition is distinct from the rules introduced by the UK Government in April 2013 for the size of accommodation that Housing Benefit will cover for working age tenants renting in the social sector, known as the 'spare room subsidy'.
Labour Force Survey ( LFS) / Annual Population Survey ( APS)
There are a number of differences between the outputs from the 2011 Census and the Labour Force Survey ( LFS), which occur for various reasons. These include coverage and data collection differences, handling of proxy responses, coding and classification differences, sampling variability (for the LFS) and the self-completion nature of the census.
Urban and Rural Scotland: The Scottish Government 6-fold urban rural classification:
Large Urban Areas - Settlements of 125,000 or more
Other Urban Areas - Settlements of 10,000 to 124,999 people
Accessible Small Towns - Settlements of 3,000 to 9,999 people and within 30 minutes' drive of a settlement of 10,000 or more.
Remote Small Towns - Settlements of 3,000 to 9,999 people and with a drive time of over 30 minutes to a settlement of 10,000 or more.
Accessible Rural - Areas with a population of less than 3,000 people, and within a 30 minute drive time of a settlement of 10,000 or more.
Remote Rural - Areas with a population of less than 3,000 people, and with a drive time of over 30 minutes to a settlement of 10,000 or more.
Variations in Base Sizes for Tables
Throughout the report, different population bases are used for different tables. Some cover 'all people' whereas others cover 'all people in households'. There are also different bases for language tables covering those 'aged 3 and over' and for marital status which cover those 'aged 16 and over'.
Email: Poppy Wilson
Phone: 0300 244 4000 – Central Enquiry Unit
The Scottish Government
St Andrew's House