50,970 teachers in publicly funded schools and
(including centrally employed), compared to 50,717 in 2015
13.7 Pupil teacher ratio in local authority schools
- same as in 2015
87% of teachers on the 2015/16 probationer induction scheme were in employment in September 2016
Table 3.1: Publicly funded teachers ( FTE) by sector and local authority, 2016
|ELC (1)||School||Total (incl. ELC)|
|Primary School||Secondary School||Special School||Centrally employed|
|Argyll & Bute||10||403||423||11||4||851|
|Dumfries & Galloway||19||651||687||7||122||1,485|
|Na h-Eileanan Siar||2||153||158||0||10||324|
|Perth & Kinross||41||677||618||18||16||1,370|
|All local authorities||985||23,899||22,906||1,814||1,239||50,842|
(1) Includes partnership ELC centres, and teachers in ELC centres whether centre-based, centrally employed or home visiting.
Table 3.2 shows that total teacher numbers (including ELC, primary, secondary, special and centrally employed teachers) across all publicly funded schools in Scotland decreased between 2010 and 2014, before stabilising in 2015 and increasing in 2016. Although the total FTE for 2016 has increased since 2015, this is not the case for each local authority. In 20 local authorities the number of teachers has either been maintained or increased, with the largest increase being eight per cent in Clackmannanshire. Twelve local authorities saw a decrease this year, with the largest decrease being two per cent in Moray.
Table 3.2: Teachers in publicly funded early learning and childcare and schools, by local authority, 2010 to 2016
|Argyll & Bute||909||874||871||868||878||847||851|
|Dumfries & Galloway||1,605||1,568||1,570||1,533||1,520||1,504||1,485|
|Na h-Eileanan Siar||369||365||353||344||324||326||324|
|Perth & Kinross||1,391||1,391||1,381||1,382||1,374||1,378||1,370|
|All local authorities||51,866||51,212||51,100||50,932||50,568||50,576||50,842|
Table 3.3 shows pupil teacher ratios ( PTRs) in publicly funded schools, giving a measure of the size of the workforce compared with the pupil population. The PTR improved, with fewer pupils per teacher, between 2005 and 2008. From 2008 it increased gradually to reach 13.5 in 2012. It remained at this level in 2013 but increased slightly in 2014 to 13.7, partly due to the increase in pupils in the primary sector, and only a small increase in primary teachers. Although pupil numbers have increased further since 2014, the total number of teachers increased in 2016, meaning the PTR has remained at 13.7.
The Attainment Scotland Fund is a targeted initiative focused on supporting pupils in the local authorities and schools of Scotland with the highest concentrations of deprivation. At the time of the census in September 2016, 160 FTE teachers were funded through this initiative. The national PTR excluding these teachers was 13.7, the same as the equivalent ratio from the previous year.
PTRs have varied between local authorities over time. The largest increases in PTRs this year were in Aberdeen City and Moray, the largest decreases (improvements) in PTRs were in Clackmannanshire, North Ayrshire, North Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire.
Table 3.3: Pupil teacher ratios in publicly funded schools (all sectors excluding ELC), by local authority, 2010 to 2016 (1)
|Argyll & Bute||12.6||12.9||12.5||12.4||12.2||12.4||12.3|
|Dumfries & Galloway||12.5||12.7||12.5||12.7||12.7||12.7||12.7|
|Na h-Eileanan Siar||9.9||9.8||10.2||10.1||10.4||10.3||10.5|
|Perth & Kinross||13.0||12.9||13.1||13.1||13.3||13.3||13.6|
|All local authorities||13.3||13.5||13.5||13.5||13.7||13.7||13.7|
|All publicly funded||13.3||13.4||13.5||13.5||13.7||13.7||13.7|
(1) Includes teachers based in schools and centrally employed teachers.
(2)The pupil teacher ratio for 2015 for North Lanarkshire changed due to corrections with their primary pupil roll in February 2016. See background note 2 for details.
One of the most important uses of the data collected in the teacher census is in modelling future changes in the workforce in order to provide guidance on the number of new teachers to train. Chart 1 shows the age profile of school teachers and the change since 2004. The age profile for 2004 shows a peak around age 50. However, in 2016 the age profile is relatively flat between age 23 (when most teachers qualify) and late fifties (when most teachers retire).
Chart 1: Age profile, school based teachers, 2004 to 2016
Chart 2 shows the age profile of GTCS registered ELC teachers, as at September 2016. The number of teachers generally increases with age up to mid-thirties, and then fluctuates, before decreasing sharply at age 60.
Chart 2: Age profile of GTCS registered early learning and childcare teachers, September 2016
Table 3.4 shows that 77 per cent of teachers were female. Across all promoted posts this proportion decreased to 71 per cent, although the proportion of head teachers that were female was higher at 79 per cent. The average (mean) age of primary, secondary and special school teachers was 41, compared to 42 in 2015 and 44 in 2004, so teachers were, on average, younger in 2016 than in 2004.
The proportion of teachers who had temporary contracts (including probationers) was 16.3 per cent (compared with 17.3 per cent last year). 15.6 per cent of teachers were working part-time, with the rate higher amongst females (18.2 per cent) than males (6.9 per cent).
Table 3.4: Teacher characteristics percentages by sector, 2016
|Primary||Secondary||Special||Centrally Employed (3)||Total
|Age (years) (1)|
|25 to 34||18||31||27||20||11||28|
|35 to 44||28||25||25||26||23||25|
|45 to 54||31||24||24||29||34||24|
|55 or over||22||13||18||24||31||16|
|White - Scottish||:||66||58||65||49||62|
|White - Other British||:||27||31||24||31||29|
|White - Other||:||2||3||4||5||3|
|Minority Ethnic Group||:||1||2||2||4||1|
|Probationer induction scheme||:||6||4||0||0||5|
|Depute head teacher||:||5||5||7||2||5|
|All - Percentage female||:||90||63||76||84||77|
|Mode of working|
(1) Excludes grant aided schools.
(2) Includes ELC teachers who are peripatetic or shared with other centres. ELC figures are based on headcount; other teacher data is based on FTE.
(3) Excludes mainstream supply [These teachers are included in the appropriate school sector statistics].
Table 3.5 shows the percentage of post-probationers from recent induction cohorts who were in publicly funded permanent or temporary posts at the time of the following year's teacher census. The proportion increased from 86 per cent in 2015 to 87 per cent in 2016.
Table 3.5: Percentage of post-probationers in permanent or temporary employment in the following year's teacher census, 2009/10 to 2015/16
|Number of teachers in cohort||3,044||2,857||1,944||2,044||2,215||2,448||2,524|
(1) The "Other" category includes those teaching elsewhere, including in the independent sector, those who have found supply work, and those who are unemployed or who have left teaching, although this detail is not included in the census data.
Table 3.6 shows that some of these teachers secure posts as they become available later in the year or in subsequent years. For example while 66 per cent of the 2010/11 cohort were present in the 2011 census, in the following censuses the percentage increased to 70 per cent in 2012 and 2013, 71 per cent in 2014 onwards.
Table 3.6: Percentage of post-probationers in permanent or temporary employment, 2010 to 2016